Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Parshas Bamidbar

Many reasons are given for the tragic deaths of Nadav and Avihu. (See Vayikro Rabbah 20:8,9)

Among the reasons more readily implicit in the Chumash are one in Parshas Bamidbar and three in Sefer Vayikro. The reason in Parshas Bamidbar is for not having married and fathered children (3:2). The three in Vayikro are for having drunk wine prior to undertaking the Avodah and for having paskened halacha in front of Moshe Rabbeynu, both derived in Parshas Shmini (10:2; see Rashi), and also for having entered the Kodesh at a time when they were not commanded to do so (Acharei Mos 16:1,2; see Rashi). Why are some reasons given or derived in Sefer Vayikro and another is in Sefer Bamidbar?

Along the same line, why are some karbanos (the musafim of Parshas Pinchos, in particular) described only in Sefer Bamidbar - isn't Sefer Vayikro the 'Toras Kohanim'? Put differently, what is the difference between the karbanos taught in Sefer Vayikro and those taught in Sefer Bamidbar?

The fundamental difference between Vayikro and Bamidbar is that Vayikro is about the individual or Klal Yisroel drawing close to HKB'H (korban=drawing close; Vayikro is a special expression of endearment - see first Rashi on Vayikro), whereas Bamidbar is about the individual or Klal Yisroel acting as an emissary of HKB'H to the outside world.

Bamidbar means 'in the desert', implying its subject matter is how we are to address or orient ourselves toward the outside. The many events of Sefer Bamidbar bear out this theme, from counting the people for army and avodah purposes to sending emissaries to 'tour' the Land to interactions with Balak, Bilam, Sichon, Emori, etc., all the way through and including the events of the ultimate emissary, Pinchos (Pinchos=Eliyahu).

Accordingly, whereas the karbanos of Vayikro are designed exclusively to bring us close to HKB'H, the karbanos of Bamidbar are designed to convey HKB'Hs message, sometimes for us and sometimes for the nations of the world.

The Vayikro reasons for the deaths of Nadav and Avihu relate to personal shortcomings, so to speak, or misdeeds which they committed relative to their extraordinary potential. They failed to draw as close as they could and their misdeeds are therefore alluded to in Sefer Vayikro.

The Bamidbar reason for the death of Nadav and Avihu is that they lacked a critical component in being qualified emissaries - they didn't marry and father children. In order to be HKBH's emissary one must have a deep sense of responsibility, and this is best gained by having a spouse and children. Because this issue relates to their capacity as emissaries it is alluded to in Sefer Bamidbar.

[This is based on a shiur of HoRav Yochanan Zweig, Shlita.]


Gal Einai, Copyright 2006 by Gedalia Litke and Torah.org


 






ARTICLES ON HAAZINU AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

Heaven and Earth
Shlomo Katz - 5773

To Hear and To See
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Volume 25, No. 52
Shlomo Katz - 5771

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Wake Up!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

A Time to Remember and Be Inspired
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Allusions to Elul
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

ArtScroll

The Uniqueness Of Rosh HaShana
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

The Custom of Eating Symbolic Foods
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Hear Clearly Now
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Sound of True Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5763

Ideas for Inspiration
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

Lessons on Prayer
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

> Call of the Shofar
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

So It Is Written
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Our National Anthem
Shlomo Katz - 5760

Hear Today, Gone Tomorrow
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information