Parshas Beha'aloscha is read
this week (JN 1, '96) in Eretz Yisrael; it will be read elsewhere on JN 8,
'96. It contains the famous praise of Moshe, uttered in his defense by G-d:
"The man Moshe was very humble, beyond all men on the face of the earth..."
The Baal Shem Tov said that people
have a mistaken idea of what humility is. Many make an impression that they
are modest, but secretly pride themselves in their modesty. Such people are
conceited, and only increase their conceit with their supposed 'modesty.'
(Baal Shem Tov al Hatorah) The Ramban (Nachmanides) explains the modesty
of Moshe: He actually thought that anyone else would do a better job than
Notice, however, that such feelings
did not in any way affect his effort to fulfill his responsibilities. Although
he had nothing which he felt proud of -- because anyone else would have done
at least as well -- nonetheless, being in the position in which he was, it
was his duty to act.
The question has been raised: how was
Moshe able to write, "The man Moshe was very humble..." ? A humble person
cannot be proud of his humility! The Asarah Ma'amoros explains that
Moshe did not want to write these words. He made an agreement with G-d. Rather
than write "anav" -- "humble," he instead wrote "ani" -- "impoverished."
Although our texts have "anav" (with a 'vav'), the Asarah Ma'amoros says
that the letter should be written with a broken 'vav,' in order to be faithful
to Moshe's own writing. The words are quoted in Minchas Shai, a major
authority regarding the masorah -- the record of the traditional text. (See
Chidushei Chasom Sofer al Hatorah; the Or Hachayim has a different answer).
The story continues that G-d would
only agree to change the text, if an extra 'vav' were written in the word
"kalos" in the verse, "on the day Moshe "kalos" --finished -- the tabernacle."
The Chasom Sofer explained: the word
"kalas" (without a 'vav') refers to the 'expiration of the soul' in love
and fervor, while "kalos" (with a 'vav') indicates 'brides.' See Rashi on
Numbers 7:1, that on the day Moshe finished the tabernacle, Israel was compared
to a bride on the day of her wedding. The words are related, for 'bride'
also comes from the root for 'love' and 'fervor.'
Why was this word chosen for Moshe's
extra 'vav'? To tell us that this great feat, that Moshe could produce the
special relationship between Israel and G-d akin to the relationship between
husband and wife, was accomplished through one quality: The 'vav' -- representing
the humility of Moshe, who would lessen himself in order to bring to earth
G-d's desires. (Rama Mifano [author of Asarah Ma'amaros], quoted by R. Yoseif
Stern in the miluim to Chidushei Chasom Sofer al Hatorah)
The Tomar Devorah writes that humility
is the highest quality, corresponding to the Kabbalistic term Kesser (Crown).
Higher wisdom is easily attainable to the humble; because they don't make
noise, everything sinks in.