First Perek, Fourth Mishna
What is an example of one type of
obligation? A woman dedicates (makdish) two groups of birds ,
each group for one or more childbirth obligations, or dedicates
two groups, each group for one or more ziva obligations. In each
case the obligations are of the same type.
An example of two types is that the woman dedicates one group of
birds for childbirth obligations and another group for ziva
What is an example of two women? One group was dedicated because
of the childbirth obligations on this woman, the other group
because of the childbirth obligations on that woman, or one group
was dedicated because of the ziva obligations on this woman, the
other group because of the ziva obligations on that woman. Both
women's obligations are the same type. An example of two types
of obligations brought by two women is that one group is
dedicated because of the childbirth obligations on this woman,
the other group because of the ziva obligations on that woman.
In the preceding case of two women, each woman's birds
were grouped separately at the start and became mingled. Rabbi
Yosi now presents another case of two women. In his case the
birds were dedicated as a group for the use of the women and for
their various obligations. In this case, mingling does not cause
Rabbi Yosi says if two women bought their
birds in partnership or jointly gave their money to the Kohain
for the purchase of their kinim the Kohain may bring each Chatos
for whichever woman he wants and each Olah for whichever woman he
wants regardless whether the obligations of the two women were
the same type or two different types.
Case of the Mishna
Rochel and Leah gave their four jointly owned birds or their
joint funds to the Kohain.
The Kohain may bring any two of the birds for Rochel and
the other two for Leah.
The owner of a bird or animal may dedicate it for
another person's korbon.
In this case, each bird brought by Rochel and Leah is owned by
both of them in partnership and is dedicated by both of them
together. When the Kohain chooses a bird to be a Chatos for
Rochel, Leah is implicitly assigning her share in the bird for
Rochel's Chatos. (Rochel is, of course, also designating her
share of that bird for her own Chatos.)
Similarly, when the Kohain chooses another bird for Leah's
Chatos, Rochel and Leah each designate that bird, to the extent
that each has ownership in the bird, for Leah's Chatos.
This explanation is given by the Ya'ir Kino, based on
the Rosh and the Ra'avad. (Rabbi Yosi's din is understood in
other ways by other meforshim.)
Text © 1997
Rabbi Menachem Moshe Oppen and Project Genesis, Inc.
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