Note: Before beginning this ma'amar, the Sfas Emes tells us "Eini zocheir
karui. Bekitzur velo nichtav kaseider." That is, he does not recall
properly; his notes on this ma'amar are disjointed and abbreviated. In
effect, he is giving us advanced notice that we will need an extra dose of
siya'ata dishmayua (help from On High) to understand what he is saying.in
The parsha starts with HaShem telling Moshe to command ('tetzaveh') Bnei
Yisroel to provide pure olive oil for the Kohanim to use for lighting
neiros (lamps) in the Mishkan. The Sfas Emes begins by quoting Medrash
Raba (36, a). The Medrash poses Chazal's classical question. HaShem has
no need for us to provide Him with light. Why, then, does He have us
light neiros in the Mishkan?
Chazal provide answers to this question -- which the Sfas Emes ignores.
Instead, he draws our attention to something we might otherwise have
missed: the question's premise. Chazal's question is premised on the
assumption that by lighting the lamps, Bnei Yisroel provide light to the
world. How do we do it? With our ma'asim tovim (good deeds). Note how
commonsensical this is. If we do a good deed, we do in fact make the
world a brighter place.
The Sfas Emes adds a word of caution concerning our self importance. We
can provide light to the world. But we should be careful not to believe
that the light comes from our power. In reality, we provide light because
HaShem commands us to perform certain actions, AND He also decrees that
those actions generate light. In other words, the fact that mitzvos and
ma'asim tovim make life brighter and more cheerful is not an intrinsic
feature of those actions. They have the property of lighting the world
only because HaShem built that feature into acts of ma'asim tovim. The
idea, then, is that by following HaShem's command we light neiros. We
should be aware, however, that the lamps provide light not because of any
intrinsic property in our action but because HaShem makes it happen.
Mention of light and of neiros evokes irresistibly a pasuk in Mishlei
(6:23): 'Ki neir mitzva veTorah ohr ... ' (ArtScroll: 'For a commandment
is a lamp, and the Torah is light ... '). In that context, the Sfas Emes
cites a passage in the Zohar. As we know, the Torah contains 248
mitzvos "Aseh'" (positive commandments). The Zohar tells us that those 248
mitzvos Aseh correspond to the 248 limbs in the human body. Note,
further, that we cannot do mitzvos without using those limbs -- i.e., our
bodies. When we use our bodies to do mitzvos, our limbs become vessels
for the light of Torah. You may wonder: OK, I can see how by doing
mitzvos, our limbs become instruments for bringing the light of Torah to
the world. But to function as a conduit, a channel must have a source.
Where does the light of Torah which we are conducting come from? The Sfas
Emes's answer: the brain of every person in Klal Yisroel is hard-wired to
the light of Torah.
The Sfas Emes continues with the text of the Zohar. As we have seen,. the
Sfas Emes very rarely works with gema'trios (the numerical values of the
Hebrew letters that form a word). But in this context, he does cite a
gematriah. The Zohar notes that if we add two items -- e.g., the ahava
and yir'a (love and awe of HaShem) with which we try to do mitzvos -- to
the 248 positive mitzvos, we obtain the gematriah -- the numerical value --
of 250. Not by chance, this is also the gematriah of the word neir --
lamp. So we see another link between our performing HaShem's commandments
and the light of the neiros in the Mishkan.
Continuing with this theme, the Sfas Emes points out that we can read the
word 'mitzva' as related to the word 'tzavta' -- connection. (The Sfas
Emes spells "tzavta" with two letters "vav" in the middle of the word. He
is fully aware that this spelling differs from the spelling of the
word "tzevat" -- tongs, The latter is spelled with a letter " vais", and
with no "vav". A good dictionary will tell you that the two words can be
used interchangeably; for both have the meaning of "connection".) By our
performing mitzvos, all of our physical actions can be connected to the
light of mitzvos. The Sfas Emes notes that in this way, we can achieve the
tikun of asiya -- the spiritual enhancement of all physical activity.
The Sfas Emes tells us more about the mitzva-tzavta connection. Concluding
(for now) with the mitzva-tzavta connection, the Sfas Emes quotes a
thought from his grandfather. The Chidushei Harim recognized that doing
mitzvos can be difficult -- to a degree that performing the commandments
requires HaShem's help. The Chidushei Harim saw an acknowledgement of our
need for this help in the text of the berocho we say before doing a
mitzva: "ahsher kideshanu be'mitzvosav ve'tzivanu". The Chidushei HaRim
read these words in non-pshat mode. Thus he understood the berocho as
saying: because of His Tzivui -- our connection with HaShem -- He will
enable us to perform the mitzva.
We can view this thought as icing on the cake. The cake itself is the
sound-alike "tzvav" that we find both in the word "mitzva"and in the
word "tzavta". This shared syllable teaches us a basic fact of life: that
performing mitzvos can enable us to connect to HaShem.