Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part II: Yoreh De'ah

Chapter 22 - THE TORAH SCROLL

Every male Jew should copy or buy Torah books and in particular a Torah scroll; see 270:1-2. Such books must not be sold unless the proceeds are needed for Torah study or for other important purposes such as marriage or ransom (270:1-2).

A Torah scroll may be written only on the skin of a kosher type of animal or bird (271:1), preferably on the inner surface of the outer part of the skin (see 271:3-4). The skin must be cured by a Jew for that purpose (271:1); on the method of curing see 271:2. The skin must be ruled (271:5) and the writing must be done with the proper type of black ink (see 271:6) and with a reed pen (271:7). The writing must be done intentionally (274:1) by a religious adult male Jew (see 281:1-5). Each word must be read aloud from a written text before writing it (274:2).

The height of the scroll should be equal to its circumference (272:1) and the lines of writing should be 30 characters long (272:2). Each sheet of skin should contain between three and eight columns of writing (272:3) and each column should contain between 42 and 60 lines (see 275:6). The last sheet may contain fewer columns, but the writing in the last column must end in the middle of the bottom line (272:3-4).

The sheets must be sewn together with the sinews of a kosher type of animal; see 278:1-4. There should be two-inch margins between consecutive columns (in addition to space for stitching the sheets together and rolling the first and last sheets on sticks; see 278:2), a three-inch margin at the top of each column and a four-inch margin at the bottom (273:1). There should be a line-width of space between consecutive lines and four blank lines between consecutive books of the Torah (273:1).

The letters should not vary in size (see 273:2-3) and the edges of the columns should be as straight as possible (see 273:3-5). If a word was omitted it may be inserted between the lines but not between the columns (273:6;276:1). The letters should be well-formed (274:3,6), legible (274:5), and separated by small spaces (274:4) and there should be one-letter spaces between words (274:4). The words must be correctly spelled (see 275:6) and there must be no punctuation (274:7). There must be paragraph spaces nine or more letters long in the middles and at the ends of many specific lines; see 275:1-2. On the arrangement of the lines of the songs in Exod. 15:1-19 and Deut. 32:1-43 see 275:3-5.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 ProjectGenesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Coming to Terms with the World to Come
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

The Shame Of Cham
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5762

Ark D'triumph
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Lesson of the Ravens
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

The Flood
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Too Perfect
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

ArtScroll

Delight Amidst Devastation
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

How To Need Nothing And Have Everything
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Make it a Habit
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The World is a Symphony
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

The Seven Noachide Laws
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5769

Who By Fire, Who By Water
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

> The Rainmaker
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

A World is Built!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762

The Best Policy
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5765

Noah's Spiritual Leadership
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information