Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part I: Orach Chayim

Chapter 19 - WORK STARTED BEFORE THE SABBATH

It is permitted to start a process before the Sabbath that will continue by itself on the Sabbath, even if this causes work to be done on the Sabbath, unless there are grounds for suspecting that someone will interfere with the process on the Sabbath, or unless the process is noisy and those who hear it may not know that it was started before the Sabbath (252:1,5). For example, if a person lights a fire, and it is not certain before the Sabbath that the fire will spread to all of the fuel, it is forbidden to derive benefit from the fire on the Sabbath (255:1-3). It is also sometimes permitted to begin a journey before the Sabbath even if it will unavoidably have to be continued on the Sabbath (see 248:1-4).

It is permitted to leave food on a stove before the Sabbath if there are no grounds for suspecting that the fire may be adjusted on the Sabbath; for example, it is permitted if the food is already fully cooked, or if the fire has been removed or covered, or if the food is next to the stove rather than on it (253:1;254:8-9). When leaving food on a stove is forbidden, if it was left deliberately, it must not be eaten until after the Sabbath, but if it was left accidentally, or by a non-Jew, it is permitted provided it was already fully cooked (see 253:1,5). On replacing food after removing it from the stove on the Sabbath see 253:2-3. On adding hot water to food on the stove see 253:4; on warming (or keeping warm) food on top of a pot on the stove or next to the stove see 253:5;258:1;318:6-8; on food that is being roasted or baked rather than cooked see 254:1-7.

It is forbidden to cover food or a pot on the Sabbath to keep it warm, even with something that does not add heat to it (253:5;257:1), but it is permitted to cover it to protect it (257:2), or to re-cover it if it becomes uncovered, or to add covers to it (257:4), or to cover food after transferring it to another pot (257:5), or if it is cold (257:6). Covering is forbidden even if the food is fully cooked (257:2,7), but it is permitted if the cover does not touch the pot (257:8). A person should cover food before the Sabbath to keep it warm so that he can eat warm food on the Sabbath (257:8); but it is forbidden to cover the food with something that adds heat to it (257:1; 253:1). For examples of things that do and do not add heat see 257:3. On covering food before the Sabbath with things that are not allowed to be moved on the Sabbath, and on sealing and unsealing the covering, see 259:1-7.

A person should not take anything out of his home shortly before the Sabbath if he may forget that he has it with him, and he should check to make sure he is not taking anything inadvertently (252:6-7). On rules about what a person should do with things in his possession if he is unexpectedly caught away from home when the Sabbath arrives see 266:1-12; on what he should do if he deliberately left home just before the Sabbath or finds something on the Sabbath see 266:8 and 266:13.

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Send The Guinea Pig!
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

The World is a Symphony
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Can You Enjoy While Others Lack?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

A Second Chance
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Perceptions - Noach
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5769

Faxs vs. Kidney Stones
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Make it a Habit
Shlomo Katz - 5774

The Path to Serving God
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

Beshegam Hu Moshe?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5767

> The Roots of Evil
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769

Priorities Define A Person
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766

Rabbi Frand on Parshas Noach
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770

ArtScroll

A Sobering Lesson
- 5768

Window to the World
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

In Man's Diminished Image
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

Compliments -- In The Presence And Outside The Presence Of A Person
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5774



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information