Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part I: Orach Chayim

Chapter 20 - THE SABBATH PRAYERS

In the Friday afternoon service, TACHANUN is not recited (267:1). In the evening service, the wording of the second blessing after SHEMA is modified; see 267:3. In the AMIDAH (beginning and ending with the same three blessings as SHEMONEH ESREH, plus a single middle blessing), the middle blessing begins with the passage "The heavens and earth were completed..." (268:1). On what to do if the AMIDAH for a weekday (i.e., SHEMONEH ESREH) or for a different Sabbath service was recited or begun by mistake see 268:2-6. "The heavens..." is then recited out loud (268:7), and the leader recites a blessing that summarizes the seven blessings of the AMIDAH (268:8); the congregation should not speak while the leader recites them, but may recite them together with him, except for the beginning and ending of the blessing (268:8,12), and a person who hears this blessing from the leader need not recite the AMIDAH himself (268:13). It is not recited in a place where services are not regularly held (see 268:10). It is recited even when a holiday occurs on the Sabbath (see 268:11), but the holiday is not mentioned in it (268:9). It is customary to read the Mishnah chapter (Shabbos Ch.2) that deals with the Sabbath candles, except on holidays; see 270:1-2. Some also have the custom of reciting KIDDUSH (see Ch.23) in the synagogue; see 269:1.

It is customary to begin the Sabbath morning prayers later than usual, and to recite additional Psalms and PIYUTIM, but the services should not be prolonged beyond noon; see 281:1. At least seven persons are called to read from the Torah (see 282:1-2); on who should be called see 282:3 and 284:4. Half-KADDISH is then recited, and the person who will read from the Prophets is then called to read from the end of the Torah portion (see 282:4-5;283:1). On the portion that is read from the Prophets see 284:1,7; on the blessings recited before and after this reading see 284:2-3. The reading from the Prophets should not begin until the Torah scroll is rolled up (284:6). On what to do in cases of errors in the readings see 282:6-7 and 284:5; on the prayers that are recited after the readings see 284:7. In addition to hearing the Torah portion read in the synagogue, a person should read it himself twice during that week, together with the (Aramaic) translation or the commentary (see 285:1-6), and it is customary to also read the portion from the Prophets (285:7).

The additional service (MUSAF) should be recited after the morning service, but not more than an hour after noon if possible; if it was not recited by sunset, it may not be made up (286:1). It is recited by everyone, and if a congregation is present, is then repeated by the leader (286:2). A person may eat before reciting it, but not a full meal (286:3). On reciting it after the afternoon service see 286:4. A person should not mourn or pray for his needs on the Sabbath (for exceptions see 288:9-10), but praying that the sick be healed (288:10), visiting the sick, and comforting mourners are permitted (see 287:1).

The afternoon service begins with ASHREI, U-VA LE-TZION, and the verse "May my prayer..." (292:1). Three people then read a total of at least ten verses from the following Sabbath's Torah portion (292:1). After the AMIDAH, the prayer "Your justice..." is recited, except on days on which TACHANUN would not be recited (292:2). Between the afternoon and evening services, it is customary to recite Psalms 119-134 during the winter, and Chs.1-6 of Mishnah tractate Avos during the summer (292:2).

The evening service should begin late if possible, in order to add to the Sabbath (293:1,3), and the Sabbath does not end until it is certainly dark (293:2). A HAVDALAH prayer is added to the fourth blessing of the SHEMONEH ESREH; on what to do if it was omitted see 294:1-5. Psalm 91 and VE-ATAH KADOSH (the part of U-VA LE-TZION beginning with the verses of KEDUSHAH) are then recited, except if a holiday occurs that week; see 295:1. It is customary for the leader to recite HAVDALAH over wine (295:1).

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON LECH LECHA:

View Complete List

Saved in Yaakov's Merit
Shlomo Katz - 5761

Why The Land of Israel?
- 5768

The chessed of Avraham
Shlomo Katz - 5773

> Environmental Hazard
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

Our Future Lies in Chevron
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

"Steps" in the Right Direction
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758

ArtScroll

The Unique Level of Avraham
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763

It's All About Redemption Part III
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Bordering on the Holy Land
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Looking for a Chavrusah?

There's No Place Like Away From Home...
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

Take the Initiative!
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Nowhere Man
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Bless You!
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5766

Emunah: Keeping the Faith
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

The Treaty
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Dream the Impossible Dream
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information