Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Shulchan-Aruch

Part I: Orach Chayim

Chapter 35 - THE PASSOVER SERVICES; THE OMER AND SHAVUOS

The table should be set on the 14th of Nisan, but KIDDUSH should not be recited before dark (472:1). The SEDER (the service at the Passover evening meal) should be conducted quickly so the children can stay awake (472:1). The table should be set with fine utensils, and the seats should allow reclining (on the left side; 472:2-3). On who must recline see 472:4-6; on when to recline see 472:7. Everyone must drink four cups of (preferably red) wine, each the volume of 1-1/2 eggs, at the appropriate points in the SEDER (472:8-15). Snacks should be given to the children to make them aware of the uniqueness of the SEDER (472:16).

KIDDUSH is recited on the first cup, concluding with the blessing "...Who kept us alive..."; on Friday night, the Sabbath is mentioned, and on Saturday night, HAVDALAH is recited (473:1). On pouring and drinking the wine see 473:1-3. A plate is prepared that contains three MATZOS (see 475:7); MAROR (bitter herbs); CHAROSES (a fruit dip for the MAROR); a vegetable; salt water or vinegar (a dip for the vegetable); meat, and an egg; they should be arranged in the order of their use in the SEDER (473:4-5). The hands are washed (without a blessing), the vegetable is dipped, and the blessing "...Who creates the fruit of the ground" is recited (473:6). The middle MATZAH is broken in half, one part is put away to be eaten at the end of the meal, and "This is the bread..." is recited (473:6). The second cup is poured, the questions ("Why is this night different...") are asked (by a child, if possible), the answers (the HAGGADAH) are recited (473:7), and the cup is drunk (474:1).

The hands are washed (with a blessing), the blessings "...Who brings bread out of the earth" and "...Who commanded us about eating MATZAH" are recited, and a KE-ZAYIS (the volume of an olive; see 486:1) from each of the top and middle MATZOS is eaten (475:1). The same volume of MAROR is dipped and eaten after reciting the blessing "...Who commanded us about eating MAROR" (475:1). A MAROR sandwich is then made with the third MATZAH, and eaten after reciting "In memory of the Temple..." (475:1). On exceptional situations see 475:2-6. It is customary to eat eggs at the meal; customs differ about eating roasted meat (476:1-2), but in any case a person must not say "this meat is for Passover" (469:1).

At the end of the meal, before midnight, a KE-ZAYIS of the piece of MATZAH that was put away is eaten (477:1-2); nothing should be eaten afterward (478:1-2). The third cup is poured, grace is recited, the cup is drunk (479:1), and "Pour out..." is recited (480:1). The fourth cup is poured, the remainder of HALLEL (Psalms 115-118) is recited, the cup is drunk, and the blessing "...on the vine..." is recited (480:1). Only water may be drunk after the fourth cup; see 481:1. A person should then discuss the Passover laws and the story of the Exodus until he falls asleep (481:2). On what to do if there is not enough MATZAH or wine see 482:1 and 483:1; on a person who has sworn not to eat MATZAH see 485:1; on repeating the SEDER for others see 484:11.

On the wording of the evening, morning, and afternoon AMIDAH on Passover see 487:1,3. KIDDUSH is not recited in the synagogue in the evening (487:2). HALLEL is recited after the morning AMIDAH (488:1-2); on reciting it in the evening see 487:4. On the readings from the Torah and Prophets see 488:3. The prayer for rain is discontinued starting with the MUSAF service (488:3). On the second evening, the counting of the OMER (for 49 days) begins; it is counted standing, and preceded by the blessing "...Who commanded us about counting the OMER" (489:1). For details about the counting see 489:1-9; the 50th day of the OMER is SHAVUOS (Pentecost; see below). New grain must not be eaten until the 18th of Nisan (the 17th, in the land of Israel; see 489:10). On the readings on the second day see 490:1; on the prayers and readings on the intermediate days see 490:2-6,9. After the second day, the first parts of Psalms 115 and 116 are omitted from HALLEL (490:4). On the prayers and readings on the seventh and eighth days see 490:7-8; "...Who kept us alive..." is omitted from KIDDUSH on those days.

It is customary not to fast on the day after a holiday (429:2;494:3), and it is customary to read the Song of Songs on Passover, Ruth on SHAVUOS, and Ecclesiastes on SUKKOS (Tabernacles; 490:9). In HAVDALAH after a holiday, the blessings on fire and fragrance are omitted (491:1). On HAVDALAH when a holiday occurs on Saturday night see 473:1;491:2;599:1. Some are accustomed to fast on the first Monday, Thursday, and Monday after the months of Nisan and Tishrei; see 492:1. It is customary not to marry or cut the hair between Passover and the 33rd day of the OMER, and not to recite TACHANUN on the 33rd day; see 493:1-3. Women are accustomed not to do work at night between Passover and SHAVUOS (493:4). On the prayers and readings on SHAVUOS see 494:1-2. It is customary to decorate the house and synagogue with grass on SHAVUOS, and to eat dairy foods on the first day; see 494:3. TACHANUN is not recited from the first to the eighth day of Sivan (494:3).

Shulchan Aruch, Copyright (c) 2000 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Nourishment for the Soul
Shlomo Katz - 5760

To Share in the Pain of Others
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Go the Distance!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5762

> The Day Falsehood Married Destruction
Shlomo Katz - 5761

What a Deal!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

A Second Chance
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Noach's Lessons for Our Day
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5762

New Stage, Old Actors
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

Before It Rains
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

How To Need Nothing And Have Everything
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Don't Shout at Me!
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

Noach - A 'Standard' Tzaddik
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5764

ArtScroll

Leisure Time
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5766

Faxs vs. Kidney Stones
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Meaningful Speech
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

The Roots of Evil
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information