The ninth day of Av, the day on which both Batei Mikdash were destroyed,
not only commemorates the destruction of both Temples, but is also a
national day of mourning for all of the tragedies and calamities that have
befallen the Jewish people. This sorrowful fast day, which culminates the
Three Weeks period of mourning, is replete with special halachos,
especially this year when it falls on Sunday. In this discussion, we will
focus on the specific halachos that apply to Tishah b'Av that falls on
Only the blessings of Borei pri ha-gafen and ha-Mavdil are recited.
Borei me'orei ha-eish is not recited, even if one forgot to recite that
blessing the previous night(43).
1 Rama O.C. 552:12. In the morning, however, Av ha-Rachamim is recited;
Mishnah Berurah 30.
2 Chazon Ish (quoted in Orchos Rabbeinu 2:136)
3 Mishnah Berurah 553:10. One may fulfill his obligation of Shenayim Mikra
4 Rama 553:2.
5 O.C. 552:10.
6 Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 28:77; Piskei Teshuvos 553, note 13,
quoting Harav S. Davlitzky.
7 Mishnah Berurah 552:23.
9 Igros Moshe O.C. 4:112-1.
10 Mishnah Berurah 552:24 and Sha'ar ha-Tziyun 22. See Chayei Adam 136:1
and Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 125:1 concerning washing.
11 Sha'ar ha-Tziyun 553:7.
12 Salmas Chayim 4:4-129 quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 62, note
88; Harav Y.S. Elyashiv (quoted in Hilchos Uminhagei Bein ha-Meitzarim,
13 Chazon Ish (quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 28 note 178); Moadim
u'Zemanim 7:256; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77. At the very least, this should be
done before the reading of Eichah.
14 Mishnah Berurah 553:7.
15 Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 28:77.
16 Based on Rama 553:2 as explained in Salmas Chayim 1:86.
17 Harav S.Z. Auerbach (quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 28, note
179); Yechaveh Da'as 5:38; Moadim u'Zemanim 7:256.
18 Harav M. Feinstein (oral ruling, quoted in Halachos of the Three Weeks,
19 Mishnah Berurah 556:2. [Some poskim recommend that all women daven
Maariv on this Motzai Shabbos, so that they can fulfill their obligation
of Havdalah by reciting Atah Chonantanu.]
20 Some light a single candle while others hold two candles together.
21 Mishnah Berurah 556:1.
22 Beiur Halachah 213:1, since on this night there is no blessing recited
over wine which establishes the required kevius needed for such blessings.
23 See Beiur Halachah 296:8, Igros Moshe C.M. 2:47-2, and Shemiras Shabbos
K'hilchasah 61, note 69 and 62, note 98 for a discussion on the general
issue of whether women are obligated to perform this mitzvah.
24 Nitei Gavriel, pg. 115.
25 Luach Devar Yom b'Yomo quoting the Belzer Rav.
26 Several poskim quoted in Piskei Teshuvos 554:21.
27 Sha'arei Teshuvah 556:1. If all that the sick person needs is a drink
of water, Havdalah is not recited (Shevet ha-Levi 8:129).
28 Kaf ha-Chayim 556:9; Harav M. Feinstein (oral ruling quoted in Halachos
of the Three Weeks, pg. 19); Minchas Yitzchak 8:30; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77.
29 Tzitz Eliezer 14:42. Some poskim allow pure orange or apple juice as
30 A cheekful, approx. 1.6 fl. oz. Since, however, Al ha-gefen cannot be
recited over this amount, this should be followed by eating cake, etc. and
the words al ha-gefen v'al pri ha-gefen can be added to the Al ha-Michyah.
31 Chazon Ish (quoted by Harav C. Kanievsky, Mevakshei Torah, Sivan 5753);
Harav Y.Z. Soloveitchik (quoted in Peninei Rabbeinu ha-Griz, pg. 521 and
in a written responsum by Harav S.Y. Elyashiv published in Mevakshei
Torah, ibid.); Harav Y.Y. Kanievsky (Orchos Rabbeinu 2:145); Az Nidberu
32 The issue: 1) Women, generally, do not recite their own Havdalah, since
some Rishonim exempt them from Havdalah altogether; 2) Even men are not
required by all poskim to recite Havdalah before eating on Motza'ei Tishah
b'Av which falls on a Sunday.
33 The husband, then, does not repeat the Havdalah for himself once the
fast is over (Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 62:48).
34 Shevet ha-Levi 8:129; Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 62:48; Az Nidberu
11:48; Moadim u'Zemanim 7:255.
35 Kinyan Torah 5:51; Shraga ha-Meir 1:59; Nitei Gavriel, pg. 164.
36 Harav Y.Y. Kanievsky (Orchos Rabbeinu 2:145); Harav S.Y. Elyashiv
(quoted in Rivevos Efrayim 3:371); Shemiras Shabbos K'hilchasah 62:45;
Moadim u'Zemanim 7:255; Chanoch l'Na'ar 28:10.
37 Maharil Diskin 2:5-72; Divrei Yatziv 2:243; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77. There
are conflicting reports as to what the opinion of Harav M. Feinstein was;
see Children in Halachah, pg. 190.
38 Entire paragraph based on ruling of Harav S.Z. Auerbach (Shemiras
Shabbos K'hilchasah 62, note 108 and 115).
39 Minchas Yitzchak 8:51.
40 Tishah b'Av she'Chal b'Yom Alef 70.
41 See Piskei Teshuvos, pg. 120 for the various views.
42 Mishnah Berurah 556:3.
43 Mishnah Berurah 556:4.
Weekly-Halacha, Text Copyright © 2005 by Rabbi Neustadt, Dr. Jeffrey Gross and
Torah.org. Weekly sponsorships are available--please send email to the moderator, Dr. Jeffrey Gross email@example.com.
Rabbi Neustadt is Rav of Young Israel in Cleveland Heights. He may be reached at 216-321-4635 or at firstname.lastname@example.org.