Volume 4 Issue 22
by Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky
The commands for the building of the Mishkan were fully meted. The job was
winding down, and this week in Parshas Vayakhel Moshe instructs the nation
with the final directives of the monumental task. First, however, he has a
message. The portion begins telling us that Moshe gathered the nation and
told them that "six days you shall work and the seventh day shall be holy -
you shall not kindle fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day"
(Exodus 35:1-2). Only then does he continue with the directives that
pertain to the erection of the Mishkan.
The strange juxtaposition of the laws of Shabbos in the midst of all the
instructions of building a sanctuary is cause for concern. That is why our
sages explain that Moshe was informing the Jewish people that despite its
importance building a Mishkan does not pre-empt the Sabbath. All work must
cease on Shabbos regardless of how it may impact the progress of the Mishkan.
Yet what must be analyzed are the seemingly disconnected verses. Why
didn't the Torah tell us of Shabbos' power in a straightforward way, by
openly directing the nation "thou shall not construct the Mishkan on the
Shabbos." Why juxtapose Shabbos as a stand-alone unit, leaving us to infer
its overriding power through scriptural juxtaposition? In fact the words
"you shall not kindle fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath" make
the command seem totally irrelevant to Mishkan per se and applicable to
each and every individual homemaker. If so, the command truly seems out of
place. It seems that regardless of its relation to the laws of
construction, the theme of Shabbos plays a greater role vis-a-vis the
Mishkan. What is it?
A famous Magid was asked to lecture in a prosperous and modern city. Before
he was to speak he was told to consult with the synagogue's president.
"This is a very distinguished community," he was told "and we must be
careful. We surely would not want to offend anyone with, even the
slightest rebuke." The Magid met the president who was sitting in a richly
upholstered leather armchair behind a mahogany desk. As the Magid entered,
the man rested his lit cigar on the corner of a brass ashtray.
"Rabbi," asked the president, "you have a reputation as a remarkable
speaker. One who inspires crowds and makes - might I say - waves. Pray
tell me," he continued "what are you intending to speak about in our town?"
The Magid promptly replied, "I intend to talk about Shabbat observance."
The president's face turned crimson. "Oh no dear rabbi, please. In this
town, such talk will fall on deaf ears. We all struggle to make a living
and Shabbos is just not in the cards. I implore you. Talk about something
The rabbi pondered. "Perhaps I should talk about kashrut." "Kashrut?
Please," begged the president, "don't waste your time. There hasn't been a
kosher butcher in this town for years."
"How about tzedaka?" offered the Magid. "Charity? Give us a break. Do you
know how many shnorrers visit this town each week. We are sick of hearing
Meekly the Magid made another suggestion. "Tefillah? (prayer)"
"Please. In a city of 1,000 Jewish families, we hardly get a weekday
minyan. The synagogue is never filled except on the High Holy Days. No
one would be interested."
Finally the Magid became frustrated. "If I can't talk about Shabbos, and I
can't talk about tzedaka, and I can not discuss kashrut, what do you want
me to talk about?"
The president looked amazed. "Why, rabbi" exclaimed the president. "That's
easy! Talk about Judaism!"
By placing the concept of Shabbos in general, and one of its detailed laws
in particular, smack in the middle of the architectural directives of a
most glorious edifice, the Torah was telling us that although we may build
beautiful palaces in which to serve the Almighty, however, if we forget the
tenets of our faith, those great structures are meaningless. Shabbos was
mentioned as a separate unit because its relevance is even greater than its
ability to halt construction. A Jew must remember that without Shabbos,
without kashrut, without tefillah, a beautiful sanctuary is no more
enduring than a castle in the air.
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