Dwelling in the Sukkah
8. According to halacha ("Mi'dinah"), one must sleep in a sukkah, even if
one is taking a short nap. This is the practice of those who are "precise
in the observance of the mitzvos" ("me'dakdekin be'mitzvos"), [that is],
they do not even nap outside a sukkah. At present, many are accustomed to
being lenient regarding [sleeping in the sukkah] (1), and the later
Rabbinic authorities ("Acharonim") have offered several rationales to
explain their conduct (2). However, it is proper for every G-d-fearing
person to construct a sukkah in which he can dwell together with his wife
in the manner that he dwells throughout the entire year [in his house], if
possible. At the very least, it should be fit for him to sleep in there
alone. If it is not fit for this, it is unacceptable ("pesulah") even after
the fact ("bedi'avad") (3).
(1) That is, they do not sleep in their sukkah.
(2) The most prominent rationale offered to explain the leniency is the
cold weather at Succos time in Europe and North America (See Ramah 639:2
and the Mishna Berura). As we've seen, one who will experience discomfort
while eating or sleeping in the sukkah, is exempt from doing so.
(3) This is not referring to unavoidable situations, such as those who live
in a cold climate, and thus any sukkah would be unfit for sleeping in.
Rather, this is referring to a case in which one built one's sukkah in a
place that would make it uncomfortable to sleep in, for example, due to
insects, high speed winds, foul odors, or fear of bodily harm inflicted by
animals or humans (and one could have chosen a place where it would have
been comfortable to sleep in the sukkah). There are authorities who rule
that even though one should not build a sukkah in place that would make it
unfit to sleep in, if one did so, the sukkah would still be "kosher" for
eating in. That is, one can still fulfill one's obligation [to eat in a
sukkah], by eating in it (See Mishna Berura 640:18 and 20).
Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2003 Project Genesis, Inc.
Law and Order
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760
People In Stone Houses Should Not Cast Bricks
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771
To Share in the Pain of Others
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758
Faxs vs. Kidney Stones
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759
In His Generation
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768
Can You Enjoy While Others Lack?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5764
The Sign of the Olive
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767
A Place To Be
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772
Understanding the Faith of Noach
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763
G-d's Message for All Humanity
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5764
The Gift of Meat
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761
In a Heartbeat
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769
A World is Built!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762
The Roots of Evil
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769
The Meaning of Noach
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770