Home Subscribe Services Support Us
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 139:17

17. On Friday afternoon, one should light the Chanukah candles before the Shabbos candles (1). One must kindle [the Chanukah candles] after "Plag Haminchah" (2). The afternoon service ("mincha") should be recited first (3).

One must place enough oil [in the menorah] so that the candles will burn for half an hour after the appearance of the stars (4). If one has not done so, the blessings recited are considered to be blessings recited in vain ("bracha le'vatalah"). If one lights [the menorah] in a doorway, one should place something between it and the door, so that the wind does not extinguish it when the door is opened and closed.


(1) Obviously, all this must be done before sunset, when the prohibitions of Shabbos begin. One should light the Chanukah candles immediately before lighting the Shabbos candles, so that one is lighting the Chanukah candles as close as possible to sunset (without, of course, risking a violation of Shabbos).

(2) "Plag Haminchah" is an hour and fifteen minutes before the appearance of the stars. This time period is measured according to the concept of "sha'os zemanios" ("seasonal hours"). The length of each "seasonal hour" is calculated by totaling the number of minutes from dawn ("alos ha'shachar") until the appearance of 3 stars ("tzeis ha'kochavim"), and then dividing it by twelve (some total the minutes from sunrise ("neitz") to sunset ("sh'kia")) (See HY:139:10 for a discussion of the correct time for lighting Chanukah candles).

(3) If one cannot find an earlier "minyan", one should preferably pray "mincha" with a "minyan" after lighting the Chanukah candles, rather than praying beforehand alone (Halachos of Chanukah by Rav Shimon Eider, pg 41).

(4) See HY 139:10 for more details.


Back Paragraph 16 Table of Contents Paragraph 18 Next 


Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2003



View Complete List

The Dream Team
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Into the Hands of the Few
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5775

> Wisdom in Action
Rabbi Label Lam - 5775

To Fergin Or Forget
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

Oh Dreidel, Dreidel, Dreidel!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Test of Your Own
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

Yosef and Chanukah
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

One Nation, Divisible
Shlomo Katz - 5762

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Because I Care
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772

Light From Darkness, Take Two
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Tightening the Hellenistic Screws: A History of Chanukah, Part I
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774


What Matters!
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5759

Development of a Visionary
Rabbi Asher Breatross - 5756

Redefining Grief
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

More Hardships, Please
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

Project Genesis Home

Torah Portion

Jewish Law



Learn the Basics




Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base


About Us

Contact Us

Free Book on Geulah! Home Copyright Information