Laws of the Megillah
18. [On Purim], a congregation that does not have a reader who is able to
recite the Megillah with the correct tune, may have someone read the
Megillah without the tune, as long as he reads the words correctly, such
that the meaning is not altered. If, for example, instead of the
words "And Mordechai WAS SITTING" ("Yo'sheiv"), he were to read "[And
Mordechai] SAT" ("Yo'shav"), even post facto ("Bedi'avad") the mitzvah has
not been fulfilled (1).
[In a situation where the reader doesn't know how to pronounce the words
without the vowels, and doesn't know the correct tune], one may write the
vowels and cantillation marks in the Megillah scroll so that he can read
correctly, since it is an urgent situation ("Sha'as Ha'dechak"); [inserting
the vowels and cantillation marks onto a kosher Megillah] is better than
having someone first read each sentence in an undertone from a [non-kosher
Megillah, such as a] Chumash [so that the reader will know how to read the
kosher scroll correctly]. This is because even though he is reading in an
undertone, the person [assisting the reader by] reading from the Chumash
will not be able to concentrate ("Le'kaven Da'atoh") in a way that allows
him to hear [all the words] from the one reading [from the kosher scroll].
Consequently, he will have read only from the Chumash, and will not have
fulfilled his obligation (2). If this did happen, [the one who assisted the
reader] will have to hear the Megillah again from a kosher scroll.
(1) In such a case, the Megillah must be re-read from the place the mistake
was made, but a new blessing is not said. This rule also applies if an
entire word was omitted (Biur Halachah 690:14).
(2) In order to fulfill the obligation, one must read the Megillah, or hear
it being read, from a kosher scroll.
Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org
KEDOSHIM AND PESACH:
Shlomo Katz - 5766
Matzah and Guideposts
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758
The Evil Son
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756
In the "Judging Business"
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758
Pesach: The Obligation of Profound Appreciation
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764
Justice Must Be Carried Out
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757
A Reservoir of Love
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766
All The Days of Your Life
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765
A Lesson Learned
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5767
Giving for a Good Cause
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5762
Holy, or Not Holy - That is the Question!
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5759
What is the Question?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5762