Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 142:3
Purim Gifts and Festive Meal

3. Every person (1), even a poor person who himself receives charity, is obligated to give at least two gifts (2) to two poor people, that is, one gift for each of them, on Purim (3). This is derived from [Esther 9:22] which says, "U'Matanos ("gifts") Le'evyonim" ("to poor people") [whereby the use of the plural ("gifts" and "poor people")] implies [a minimum] of two gifts to two poor people. One should not be selective when distributing money on Purim. On the contrary, a gift should be given to anyone who extends his hand (4). If a person lives in a place where there are no poor people, he should set aside the money until the poor approach him. Alternatively, he should send it to them.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Both men and women are obligated.

(2) The gifts can be either money or food (Mishna Berura 694;2).

(3) One cannot fulfill one's obligation by giving gifts to the poor before Purim. This is because the act of giving is supposed to enhance one's joy ("simcha") on Purim itself.

Here is a quote from 142:1 which is relevant to this mitzvah: "it is preferable to give more gifts to the poor than to spend more on the festive meal of Purim and on sending gifts of food to friends ("Mishloach Manos"), for there is no greater and more glorious joy before the Holy One, blessed be He, than to gladden the hearts of the poor, the orphans, and the widows, because, a person who gladdens the hearts of these unfortunate individuals resembles the Divine Presence ("Sh'chinah") [which Isaiah 57:16 describes as] 'enlivening those with lowly spirits and invigorating those with broken hearts.' " However, one may appoint a representative before Purim to give out the gifts on one's behalf on Purim (Aruch HaShulchan 694:2).

(4) That is, on Purim, one shouldn't withhold money from a poor person who asks for it just because one believes him to be a trickster ("ramai") and undeserving (Ibid. 694:1).

 

Back Paragraph 2 Table of Contents Paragraph 4 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 

ARTICLES ON KI SISA AND PURIM:

View Complete List

Distant Wisdom
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Triple Purim?
- 5768

Purim & Pisces: Not your Average Fish Story
Jon Erlbaum - 0

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Joy That Lasts
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Who Knows?!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Flaming Desire
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

ArtScroll

The Power of Unity
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763

A Stiff Necked-Nation
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Shabbos - Being Prepared
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Holy Desecration
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5763

What Money Can Not Buy
Rabbi Yehudah Steinberg - 5774

Irreversible Changes
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

> Allowing US To Leave The Light On For HIM
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5773

Shabbos: A Time to Be…
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Understanding God's Judgments
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770

No Contest
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5767



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information