Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 142:3
Purim Gifts and Festive Meal

3. Every person (1), even a poor person who himself receives charity, is obligated to give at least two gifts (2) to two poor people, that is, one gift for each of them, on Purim (3). This is derived from [Esther 9:22] which says, "U'Matanos ("gifts") Le'evyonim" ("to poor people") [whereby the use of the plural ("gifts" and "poor people")] implies [a minimum] of two gifts to two poor people. One should not be selective when distributing money on Purim. On the contrary, a gift should be given to anyone who extends his hand (4). If a person lives in a place where there are no poor people, he should set aside the money until the poor approach him. Alternatively, he should send it to them.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Both men and women are obligated.

(2) The gifts can be either money or food (Mishna Berura 694;2).

(3) One cannot fulfill one's obligation by giving gifts to the poor before Purim. This is because the act of giving is supposed to enhance one's joy ("simcha") on Purim itself.

Here is a quote from 142:1 which is relevant to this mitzvah: "it is preferable to give more gifts to the poor than to spend more on the festive meal of Purim and on sending gifts of food to friends ("Mishloach Manos"), for there is no greater and more glorious joy before the Holy One, blessed be He, than to gladden the hearts of the poor, the orphans, and the widows, because, a person who gladdens the hearts of these unfortunate individuals resembles the Divine Presence ("Sh'chinah") [which Isaiah 57:16 describes as] 'enlivening those with lowly spirits and invigorating those with broken hearts.' " However, one may appoint a representative before Purim to give out the gifts on one's behalf on Purim (Aruch HaShulchan 694:2).

(4) That is, on Purim, one shouldn't withhold money from a poor person who asks for it just because one believes him to be a trickster ("ramai") and undeserving (Ibid. 694:1).

 

Back Paragraph 2 Table of Contents Paragraph 4 Next 

 

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright © 2004 Torah.org

 


 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

People In Stone Houses Should Not Cast Bricks
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

Hide the Shame
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

People In Stone Houses Should not Cast Bricks
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Second Chance
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Don't Shout at Me!
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

Stealing: Not For The Taking
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

"G-d Watches Over Man"
Shlomo Katz - 5764

Love versus Fear
Shlomo Katz - 5763

Before It Rains
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

> Out of the Darkness
Shlomo Katz - 5773

The Rainbow Coalition
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

Leave They Must
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

ArtScroll

Did The Animals Come Or Did Noach Have To Bring Them?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5773

Window to the World
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

It's All About Redemption Part II
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Can You Enjoy While Others Lack?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information