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Chapter 56: 1-3
Laws Pertaining to Blessing Errors

1. If a person erroneously recited the blessing borey minei mezonos on proper bread, or conversely, recited the blessing hamotzi on pastry, he has fulfilled his obligation. However, if he recited the blessing hamotzi on cooked food - even if it is of the five species of grain - he has not fulfilled his obligation.

If a person erroneously recited the blessing borey pri hagofen on grapes, he has fulfilled his obligation. Similarly, if he erred in the b'rochoh achronoh and recited the blessing al hagefen, he as fulfilled his obligation, for grapes are also "fruit of the vine."

2. If a person erroneously recited the blessing borey pri hodomoh on fruit from a tree, he has fulfilled his obligation, since a tree also derives its nurture from the earth. Similarly, if both fruit from a tree and fruit from the ground are placed before a person and he erroneously recites the blessing borey pri hadamah, with the intent to include the fruit from the tree as well, he has fulfilled his obligation. In contrast, if one recites the blessing borey pri ho'eitz on fruit that grows on the ground, one has not fulfilled one's obligation.*

* {The Chayei Odom and Rav Shneur Zalman of Liadi (Piskei Siddur) write that if a person recites the blessing borey pri ho'eitz on fruit from a tree whose stem and leaves wither during the winter and thus requires the blessing borey pri hadomoh, he has, after the fact, fulfilled his obligation. However, the Mishnoh B'rurah (206:2) does not accept this decision.}

Accordingly, if a person is in doubt which blessing - borey pri hadomoh - is appropriate for a specific fruit, and it is impossible for him to clarify the matter, he should recite the blessing borey pri hadomoh.

3. The following rules apply when a person erroneously recites the blessing borey pri ho'eitz for wine. If he remembers immediately and can recite borey pri hagofen in the time it takes to say Sholom alecho, Rebbe, he should. If not, he has fulfilled his obligation.

   Laws Pertaining to Blessing Errors
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