Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 77:1
Kiddush and the Shabbos Meals

1. It is a Biblical commandment to sanctify the Shabbos verbally, as [Exodus 20:8] states: "Remember ("Zachor") the day of Shabbos [so as] to sanctify it;" in other words: articulate (1) [the concept of Shabbos] in a way that praises and sanctifies it (2).

[The concept of Shabbos] must be articulated as it commences, through [the recitation of] Kiddush, and as it departs, through [the recitation of] Havdalah (3). The Sages ordained that this articulation should be over a cup of wine, both at the commencement and departure of Shabbos.

FOOTNOTES:

(1) The Hebrew word "Zachor," which is usually translated as "remember," can also mean "articulate" in certain contexts. Another example of this is the verse: "Remember ("Zachor") this day on which you left Egypt..." (Exodus 13:3), which the Rambam holds is the source for the commandment to verbally recount the story of the Exodus from Egypt on the first night of Passover (Mishna Torah, Book of Seasons, Laws of Chometz and Matzah, 7:1).

(2) My translation of this sentence does not match the words in the Hebrew text that I have in front of me. In my opinion, the sentence, as it appears in my Hebrew text, is a misprint, firstly, because it doesn't make sense, and secondly, because the first half of it is a direct quote from the Rambam (Laws of Shabbos, 29:1), and if two letters are changed in the second half of the sentence, then it becomes a complete quote from the Rambam. The Hebrew words in my text of the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch are "Zochrehu Zechiras Shabbos BaKiddush," whereas the Rambam reads " Zochrehu Zechiras Shevach VeKiddush." If any of you have a text of the Kitzur which concords with my reading of this sentence, please let me know.

(3) In other words, both Kiddush and Havdalah are aspects of one Mitzvah, derived from a single verse: "Remember the day of Shabbos [so as] to sanctify it."

      The Sabbath and Festival Prayer
Paragraphs 2
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2001 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON BALAK:

View Complete List

Coincidence?
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Three Festivals: The Holy Journey
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5767

Donkey Talk
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

From Amidst The Ashes
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764

A Purifying Proccess
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5762

Window of Opportunity
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Best Things In Life Are Different When They Come For Free
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Uncommon Courtesy
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

Miriam's Death
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

> Absolute Greatness
Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden - 5764

The Epitome of Righteousness
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

Forgotten Oaths
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

ArtScroll

Ph.D. in Morals
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

Conquer the Physical
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5755

A Great Responsibility
Shlomo Katz - 5768

All Pain, No Gain
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information