Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 81:1-2
Four Domains on Shabbos

1. There are four different domains with regard to [the prohibition against carrying between domains on] Shabbos (1): "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain"), "Reshus HaRabim" ("public domain"), "Carmelis", and a "Makom Patur" ("exempt area"). These concepts will be briefly explained [in the following Halachos].

2. What is meant by a "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain")? Any area of at least four 'tefachim' (2) by four 'tefachim' (this is considered an area significant enough to be of use), which is surrounded by "Mechitzos" ("partitions") that are at least ten 'tefachim' high (even if the partitions are not complete).

[Therefore, the following areas are also defined as "Reshus HaYochid"]:

a) A trench ten 'tefachim' deep and four 'tefachim' wide (the sides of the trench are considered halachic partitions).

b) A pit ten 'tefachim' deep, and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim' wide.

c) A mound ten 'tefachim' high, and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim' wide.

d) A movable object, for example, a cabinet, that is ten 'tefachim' high [and four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim,'], or a round barrel [ten 'tefachim' high], the circumference of which is large enough to enclose an area four 'tefachim' by four 'tefachim.'

Even if these [areas or objects] listed above are located in the "Reshus HaRabim" ('public domain') or in a 'Carmelis', they are considered separate entities and judged as a "Reshus HaYochid" ("private domain").

The space above a "Reshus HaYochid," up to the sky, as well as the tops of the partitions surrounding it, are governed by the same laws as the "Reshus HaYochid" itself. Holes in the walls that open inwards towards the "Reshus HaYochid," even if they continue through to the outside (with an opening to the public domain), since one could potentially make use of the holes from within the "Reshus HaYochid," they are considered part of the "Reshus HaYochid" and share the same laws. (The laws regarding holes in the wall that open towards the public domain alone are mentioned in the following law.)

FOOTNOTES:

(1) Carrying an object into or out of certain halachically defined domains is one of the 39 Avos Melachos ("prototype prohibited activity"), and therefore Biblically prohibited on Shabbos. This concept will be defined as the chapter progresses.

(2) A 'tefach' ('handbreadth') is approximately 3 inches.

      Four Domains on Shabbos
Paragraph 3
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 2002 Project Genesis, Inc.

 


ARTICLES ON MIKETZ AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

A Torah Perspective
Shlomo Katz - 5766

Divine Providence
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5769

Dreams
Shlomo Katz - 5763

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Natural Miracles
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Salvation: Express Lane
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5768

Not a Minute Past the Expiration Date
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

ArtScroll

Dreamers and Doers
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758

Majesty Resides Within!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

At The End
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

> Sing His Praises
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761

If You Have It, Don't Flaunt It
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Tha Past
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Smelling The Fragrance Of Hope
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5768

'Mehadrin' - An Understanding of the Concept
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

Shedding Light on the Identity Crisis
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5759

A Killing Prayer
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5755



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information