Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 21: 1-3
Laws of Missed Prayers

1. As explained in Chapter 18, a person who purposely delayed his prayers until after the time for prayer has passed can never compensate for his deeds. However, if he forgot to pray or was prevented from doing so by forces beyond his control, he may compensate [by reciting the Shemoneh Esreh a second time,] after completing the Shemoneh Esreh of the following service. The same applies to a person who made an error in his prayers which requires him to repeat the Shemoneh Esreh [and which he did not realize until the time for that service has passed].

He should first recite the prayer appropriate for the time he is praying, and then the prayer for which he is compensating. For example, a person who did not recite the morning service when the time for the afternoon service arrives, and then recite Tachanun. Immediately, afterwards, he should recite Ashrei and then recite the Shemoneh Esreh again, to compensate for the morning service.

If a person did not recite the afternoon service, he should recite the evening service, wait only the amount of time it takes to walk four cubits, and then, without hesitation, recite Ashrei and recite another Shemoneh Esreh to compensate for the afternoon service.

If a person did not recite the evening service, then, directly after reciting the Shemoneh Esreh of the morning service, he should recite Tachanun, then Ashrei, and then recite the Shemoneh Esreh a second time, to compensate for the evening service. Afterwards, he should recite the Psalm Lam'natzeach and then, Uvo l'Tzion. [Just as it is forbidden to eat before the morning service,] if is forbidden to eat before reciting this Shemoneh Esreh, which compensates for the evening service.

2. A person did not recite the Shemoneh Esreh during the required time, even though he had the opportunity, because he though that he would still have time to do so after he completed the activity with which he was involved. In the meantime, the time for prayer passed...

Similarly, a person who was preoccupied with financial dealings so that he would not suffer a loss, and for this reason did not pray during proper time...

Even though it is forbidden to overlook the time for prayer because of financial loss or other mundane matters, such individuals are considered as having been prevented from praying by forces beyond their control, and may compensate for prayers they failed to recite.

Similarly, a person who was too intoxicated to be fit to pray is also considered as one prevented from praying by forces beyond his control. This applies even though he began to drink when it was forbidden to do so, after the time for prayer had already arrived.

3. One can compensate for a prayer [that was not recited in its proper time] only in the service that follows. However, if one delays any longer, it is impossible to compensate. For example, a person who failed to recite both the morning and afternoon services can compensate for the afternoon service in the evening service which follows. However, he can no longer compensate for the morning service, since two prayer times, the morning and the afternoon prayer times, passed without his reciting it.* * {The Shulchon Oruch HoRav 108:9 and the Mishnoh Beruroh 108,19 explain that except on Sabbath and festivals, it is proper to recite an additional Shemoneh Esreh as compensation. However, one should add a new request, in addition to the normal text of the Shemoneh Esreh in that prayer. One should make the following stipulation: If it is possible to compensate for a missed prayer after one service has passed, this Shemoneh Esreh should be considered as intended for that purpose. If that is not possible, this Shemoneh Esreh should be considered as a prayer offered as a gift.}


      Laws of Missed Prayers
Paragraphs 4-5
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Noach Did Not Become Wicked, He Just Became Plain
- 5768

Great In His Own Times
Rabbi Yitzchok Adlerstein - 5768

What Was Noach's Greatest Legacy?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Shame Of Cham
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5762

Meaningful Speech
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Communication Brings Unity
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

ArtScroll

Wine and Window Washers
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

When the Illegitimate Becomes Legitimate
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758

Free Time
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

> Love versus Fear
Shlomo Katz - 5763

Making Something of Nothing
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5764

The Ideal Way of Life
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Ark D'triumph
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5758

Saved From a Rainy Day
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758

Three Philosophies at Bavel
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5761

One for the Birds
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information