Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Chapter 26: 1-3
The Mourners Kaddish

1. The Midrashim relate many stories how Kaddish recited by a son for his deceased father or mother saved them from judgement. Therefore, Kaddish is customarily recited.

[There are other practices which also benefit the departed. Among them:] receiving maftir and leading the congregation in prayer. Saturday night is a particularly auspicious time for the latter, for after Shabbos, the souls return to Gehinnom. The same applies on all evenings, for then judgement is more severe.

There are many different laws regarding Kaddish, depending on the prevailing [local]customs.

2. During the seven days of mourning, a mourner is entitled to recite all the Kaddishim in the prayer service. His rights supersede those of other mourners, regardless of whether he is a minor or an adult, a resident of the city or a guest.

Even if a holiday falls in the midst of these seven days, and thus nullifies the morning practices associated with them, as it also nullifies the mourning practices associated with the thirty-day period if it falls then, the mourner's right to recite these Kaddishim is unaffected.

Similarly, [regarding the seven days of mourning, we follow the principle:] "a portion of the day is considered as a complete day" [and thus conclude those practices on the morning of the seventh day]. However, this principle is not followed regarding Kaddish, and the mourner is entitled to recite all the Kaddishim in the afternoon service of the seventh day.

In this regard, the periods of seven days and thirty days are counted from the day the deceased was buried. Even if the mourner did not hear about the death immediately, and thus does not count the seven days of mourning from the burial, he is not given the rights to the Kaddishim [beyond the seven days after the burial]. Similarly, when a person dies in the midst of a festival, [though the seen days of mourning are held afterwards,] regarding Kaddish, the seven days are counted from the burial.

3. A child below majority [is not obligated to remain at home] and may attend the synagogue during the seven days of mourning. He is entitled to all the Kaddishim. However, if a person commemorating a yahrzeit is also present in the synagogue, he is entitled to one Kaddish. If many people commemorating yahrzeits are present, each one is entitled to one Kaddish, even if granting them this privilege will not leave the child with a single Kaddish.

In the above situation, if a person in the midst of the thirty-day mourning period is also present in the synagogue, he is entitled to one Kaddish. However, even if there are many people in the midst of the thirty-day mourning period, the [privilege of reciting Kaddish is never taken away] from the child entirely.

Similarly, an adult who does not attend the synagogue during the seven days of mourning, but rather conducts a minyan in him home, is entitled to recite all the Kaddishim when he comes to the synagogue on the Sabbath. If there is also a person commemorating a yahrzeit present, the person in the seven days of mourning recites all the Kaddishim except for one over which lots are drawn [among all the mourners to determine who will recite it].

Should a holiday fall in the midst of the seven days of mourning, or should one's father pass away in the midst of a festival - at which time an adult is also allowed to attend the synagogue every day - the laws apply to a child who attends the synagogue apply to him.


   The Mourners Kaddish
Paragraphs 4-6
Next
Table of Contents

Halacha-Yomi, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON MASEI AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

Criticm - To Accept or to Defend
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

The Nine Days of Mourning
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

On the Road of Life
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

ArtScroll

True Wealth
Shlomo Katz - 5769

What to Make of My Summer Break?!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Wandering No More
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

When Moshiach Comes
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Journey from Egypt to the World-to-Come
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Cities of Refuge: Sanctuary for Survival
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

> In the Eye of the Beholder
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Confusing Causation
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5768

17th of Tammuz: Why We Fast - Part 1
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

What Are We Missing On Tisha B'Av?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764

Vows: The Power of Speech
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Listen to the Mussar
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

Power of Prayer
Shlomo Katz - 5763



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information