Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Do Not Steal1 Part 16

Up to this point, we have focused on various forms of stealing. There is a different but connected prohibition to take an item against the owner's will and pay for it. Even though the person paid the money, he transgressed the prohibition known as 'chamas' in hebrew.

For example, a person aggressively bargained with his friend to sell him an item[2] . The friend refused to sell, so the person grabbed the item and put the money on the table. Since the owner did not agree to sell at that price, the grabber was guilty of chamas.

However, if the owner in some way demonstrated that he agreed to the sale, then there is no transgression of chamas. For example, if he gave the buyer change for the money he put out, then he shows that he has consented to the transaction.

Another prohibition relating to other people's money and property is to not cheat buyers by giving short weights or measures. One who does so, not only transgresses the commandment not to steal, but also the specific command not to cheat with weights and measures[3]. Accordingly, retail store owners should be careful to tell their sales help to properly operate their scales, and on how to set the tare to deduct the weight of the bag, wrappers or container.[4]

It should be noted that this prohibition applies to non-Jews as well as Jews, and applies to stealing very small percentages of the weight or measure.


[1] Much of the information for this essay is taken from "Halachos of Other People's Money" by Rabbi Yisroel Pinchos Bodner.
[2] We will see in a future article that, this form of bargaining is often forbidden in and of itself.
[3] Vayikra, 19:35-6.
[4] Bodner, p.76.


 

Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Yehonasan Gefen and Torah.org

Visit Rabbi Gefen's new blog at rabbiygefen.blogspot.com.

Rabbi Gefen's new book, The Guiding Light, is now available! To order, please contact Rabbi Gefen at Gefen123@smile.net.il or 00972 52 761 9935.


 

ARTICLES ON BESHALACH AND TU BESHVAT:

View Complete List

How to Always Be Happy
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

The Essence of Song
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

What is Tu B'Shvat?
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5761

> My “My”
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Tribes & Elders Given The Royal Treatment At Elim
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Reaching Out
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Like a GPS
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Masterplan
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

Pride and Prejudice
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

ArtScroll

The Great Song
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771

Better to Be the Pursued Than the Pursuer
Shlomo Katz - 5760

A Cry from the Heart
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Great Mirror in the Sky
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Erev Rav: Return to Sender
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Hashem Tests Hearts
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Every Good Deed Rewarded
Shlomo Katz - 5762



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information