The Sign of the Olive
For forty days and forty nights, the Great Flood seethed over the surface
of the earth, sweeping it clean of the corruption that had polluted it.
Noah’s family and the selected animals huddled together in the storm-
tossed ark, a minuscule capsule extracted from the doomed world, waiting
to be injected into an unknown new world that would emerge beyond the
Finally, the waters began to recede. Noah opened the windows of the ark
and sent out a dove to find a sign of dry land. “And the dove returned to
him at evening time, and behold, an olive leaf was grasped in its mouth.”
(Bereishis 8:11) One can well imagine the excitement which greeted the
arrival of the little leaf, this precious symbol of a new world and a new
future. But why did the Torah find it necessary to specify that this
particular leaf was an olive leaf? Would the symbolism have been any
different had it been a leaf from another tree?
The answer lies in the singular nature of the olive among all other
fruits. The primary purpose of the fruit of the olive tree is not for use
as a food. It is meant to be crushed and squeezed and pressed until its
golden drops of oil are extracted. This oil is then put into a candle and
ignited, issuing forth . . . light!
Granted that light is a physical phenomenon, that a flame is merely a
cloud of oxidizing gasses with rapid molecular activity. But in its
outward appearance, a flame seems to strive upward in defiance of the laws
of gravity. Quite properly, then, a flame is considered a symbol of
spirituality. Light is, of course, a symbol of wisdom.
In this context, the olive becomes a symbol of the bridge between the
physical world and spirituality. Just as it is possible to squeeze a light-
giving flame from the physical olive, so too is it possible to extract
golden drops of spirituality from this temporal physical world. All of
creation is a manifestation of the Divine, and if we penetrate to its
core, we will undoubtedly find the spirituality which forms its very
When the bird brought back the olive leaf to Noah and his family, the
message conveyed was very sharp and profound. An entire world had just
been destroyed because it had become completely physical, focused
exclusively on promiscuity, greed and self-gratification. Now, there would
be a new start, a second chance. But what was to prevent a recurrence of
the old mistakes and the old corruption?
The sign of the olive provided the answer. The new society needed to
encompass a totally different attitude, a totally different perception of
the physical world. People needed to understand that the entire world was
like an olive and that only by extracting its spirituality could they keep
it on an exalted level.
Our mission in life is to strip away the shells from our experiences and
our surroundings and focus on extracting the essence of spirituality. We
must seek the presence of our Creator wherever we go and whatever we do.
Not only will this prevent us from slipping into sinfulness, it will
enrich every precious moment of our lives and give value and meaning to
our very existence.
Text Copyright © 2006 by Rabbi Naftali Reich and Torah.org.
Rabbi Reich is on the faculty of the Ohr Somayach Tanebaum Education Center.