Parshios Netzavim & Vayeilech
The Ends of Heaven
Turbulence seems to be inescapable in Jewish history. When
times are good, Jewish people tend to forget about the Creator and His
Torah. They wander off in search of the forbidden fruit the pagan
cultures dangle in front of them, thus bringing down calamity on their
In this week’s reading, Moses prophesies that the Jewish people
will be oppressed, persecuted and driven into exile. But there would
always be hope. In the throes of their misfortune, he foresees, they will
think about what has befallen them, and they will repent. Then Hashem
will gather the exiles from the nations among whom they have been
scattered. “If your castaways will be at the ends of heaven,” Moses
assures the Jewish people, “Hashem, your Lord, will gather them in
The commentators are puzzled by the strange language of this last
verse. You would normally expect to find castaways at the ends of the
earth, not at the ends of heaven. In what sense will Hashem gather the
castaways from the ends of heaven?
Some commentators resolve this problem by interpreting the verse
in an allegorical sense. Every person, they point out, is a paradoxical
hybrid, an improbable fusion of the spiritual soul and the material body.
The soul is a spark of the divine, a fragment of Hashem’s heavenly
throne sent down to the earth to dwell in a beautiful clot of matter called
the human body. The soul yearns to be reunited with its celestial
Source, while the body is drawn to the pleasures of the material world.
The tensions generated by this internal conflict defines the dynamics of
human existence. Who will emerge victorious the body or the soul? The
answer to this question determines success or failure when all is said
This then is what Moses was telling the Jewish people. When will
Hashem bring the castaways back to the Holy Land? If they are “at the
ends of heaven.” If their striving is for spirituality, if they reach out to
grasp the fringes of heaven so that they can pull themselves ever
upward. But if they are “at the ends of the earth,” if they reach out for
the illusory enticements of the material world, they will not be worthy of
There was once a sage who had only small group of disciples, but
he was exceedingly wise. After a while, his fame spread, and he began
to receive many requests for admission to his academy.
The sage called a meeting of his disciples to discuss the situation.
“We don’t want to let in just anyone,” he said. “We want only the
best and the finest. But how do we determine who they are? By what
standards shall we measure our applicants?”
“Honesty,” said one disciple.
“Piety,” said another.
“Intelligence,” said yet another.
The sage shook his head. “None of these are critical. We can
accept devious and make them devout, the sinful and make them
sincere. But we must have someone who has a genuine desire to grow,
someone whose heart and mind are attuned to higher aspirations. That
is more important than anything else.”
In our own lives, as we approach the High Holidays with a sense of
awe and trepidation, we make all sorts of resolutions about how we
intend to improve ourselves. We resolve to be kinder and more
considerate to others. We resolve to pray with greater concentration.
We resolve to devote more time to Torah study. All these things are
good and well. But these are not the most critical things on which we
should focus. Rather, we should focus on fanning the flames of the
divine spark that dwells within so that we should be consumed with a
desire to reach out and touch the heavens. That desire will energize and
inspire us and guide us down all the right paths to fulfillment. Someone
once asked a sage, “I can only spare five minutes a day for Torah
study. What should I choose to learn?” The sage smiled and said,
“Study works of spiritual inspiration, and you will discover that you can
spare far more than five minutes a day.”
The Secrets Of Longevity
Only two mitzvahs in the Torah come with the promise of a long life:
Kibud Av V’em – Honoring our parents and Shliach Hakan – sending off
the mother bird before taking the fledgling children.
These mitzvahs seem totally dissimilar and unrelated. In fact, the
Midrash tells us that the two mitzvahs are the easiest of the easy, and
the most difficult of the difficult, yet they should have the same reward.
Honoring our parents is extremely difficult. Sending away the mother
bird and taking the children is so easy. Why does the Torah designate
the exact same reward? And why did the Torah designate these
particular two mitzvahs? For the reward of a long life?
The commentaries explain that these two mitzvahs span the
spectrum of human nature. The Torah wants us to perform the merciful
act of sending away the mother bird before taking the children. Mercy is
a common, human emotion. We instinctively feel a search of mercy
and compassion when we see an animal in distress. This is because
the animal poses no threat to us. Our base goodness emerges when
there are no complications and prejudice ness that come into play. The
Torah tells us to reinforce our mercy and compassion through the
mitzvah of Shliach Hakan.
Honoring our parents, however, is one of the most difficult of all
mitzvahs. It requires us to acknowledge what they have done for us,
and forces us to admit how much we need them, and we could not have
done it ourselves. It tests our egocentricity to the ambit. We would like
to be independent, self sufficient, and invincible. Recognizing our
parents forces us to say “I owe it all to you” This then is the most
difficult of the mitzvahs.
The Torah, however, does not designate the reward simply on the
basis of what is easy and what is not. The infinite reward of mitzvahs is
dependant on the spirit in which they were performed, and the love with
which they were dispensed. Long life in the world to come can be
secured by good deeds regardless of whether our body propels us to do
it or creates obstacles. It’s how much in a fuel we are contributing to
the act that determines its true value. Thus the Torah designates the
identical reward for when we are following our base instinct in the
easiest of all mitzvahs, or we are countering it in the most difficult. It
is the spirit that truly counts.
A king was being paraded along the highway. Jubilant cheers
accompanied the row pageantry pomp and splendor. Nearby a fellow
was swimming in the river when he heard news of the king’s imminent
passage. Jumping out the water he saw the king’s chariot from the far.
In a surge of passion and excitement, he ran up the riverbank and
wildly waved and cheered the king in his bathing gear. People were
taken aback at his lack of basic. The king noticed him from the far and
to the sheer dismay and aghast crowds he welcomed him into his plush
carriage. This fellow truly loves him. “He is not thinking of his honor, he
is only thinking of mine.”
In our own lives let us be conscious of emphasizing the spirit of the
mitzvah as much as the details. The details of the rituals are important,
but it is the spirit that enables us to lift off the ground and connect to
the heavenly spheres ensuring a life of infinite bliss.
Text Copyright © 2011 by Rabbi Naftali Reich and Torah.org.
Rabbi Reich is on the faculty of the Ohr Somayach Tanenbaum Education Center.