by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
This issue is dedicated to the memory of Abba Tzvi ben Alta Leah Yehudis
"If you will go in My Laws, and guard My Mitzvos and do them..."(26:3)
Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki) explains: "'If you will go in My Laws' - I
might think that this refers to performance of the Mitzvos, but when the
verse continues 'and guard my Mitzvos,' I know that the latter phrase
refers to their performance. So what is the meaning of 'If you will go in
My Laws'? It means that you should toil in Torah."
How should we understand this? The Chofetz Chaim (Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan
of Radin) says that our efforts to understand Torah are central to "going"
He further notes that the Talmud in Brachos 28b (which we read when we
celebrate the completion of a tractate, section of the Mishna, or other
major segment of our studies) says "we toil [in Torah] and receive reward,
while they toil [in other things] and do not receive reward." Clearly, he
says, this needs an explanation. Does a tailor sew a new suit, or a cobbler
produce a pair of new shoes, without receiving payment for his efforts?
The explanation offered by the Chofetz Chaim is as follows: if a person
hires a tailor or cobbler, he only pays for the completed suit or shoes. The
work is done on behalf of the final product; if the work is never completed,
then the worker never receives payment for all of his work - without the
product, the work is worthless, a "wasted effort". Not so, he explains,
with Torah study.
There is a commandment, as seen above, merely to study;
even if a person emerges without fully understanding, nonetheless the effort
is never "wasted". So this is what the passage means: we make efforts, and
are rewarded for the efforts alone. When we work at other things, we
receive reward not for our efforts, but for the products.
Even salaried employees gain bonuses and promotions based upon completion of
projects and productivity (bureaucrats excepted). While the Chofetz Chaim
does not say this, I would argue that just the opposite is true with Torah
study: if it you understand everything, and your study is easy and
enjoyable, then it is clearly easier to continue than it is when everything
is an incomprehensible morass. Because more effort is required to continue
in the latter situation, that would logically result in more reward. The
proof is the Talmudic statement that "better one with difficulty than 100
without." I think we see this quite often - while not everyone who studies
comes away understanding everything, everyone does come away with a
spiritual push (not to mention the real spiritual rewards that come later).
There are many times when it looks like there's just too much to learn, or
where going to a class or setting aside time to study takes a great deal of
effort. But if it looks difficult, remember: making the attempt carries its
Text Copyright © 1995 Rabbi Yaakov Menken and Project Genesis, Inc.
The author is the Director of Project Genesis.