by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
Last week's Torah reading discussed what we ordinarily refer to as "kosher"
and "non-kosher" animals, birds and insects - many of these, the Torah
describes as pure and impure. This week, the Torah goes on to describe
states of impurity that befall people. Rashi, Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki,
quotes a Talmudic sage (Rav Simlai) who says that this fits very well -
after all, the Creation of man also followed the Creation of the animals!
The Medrash says something which might appear self-contradictory: "if a
person merits it, they say to him, 'you preceded all the works of
Creation;' but if not, they say to him, 'the mosquito came before you!'" In
Jewish thought, there is no contradiction: we are given the tools to
analyze both sides of this coin.
It is true that in the physical order of Creation, humans come last. But
why do they come last? Because everything was building up to the final
purpose of Creation. Jewish sources make it clear that the world, indeed
the universe, was created for human beings, who alone are able to choose
good and avoid evil. The universe was created in order that we be given
this opportunity to come closer to G-d of our own volition. We have free
choice - now, what choices do we make?
A person who chooses good attaches him or herself to G-d and Torah,
adopting Divine attributes such as a giving nature, and care and concern
for other people. The world was created in order to provide that soul with
the opportunity to do just what he or she is doing! So, indeed, what came
first? Even before Creation, there was the idea of creating an environment
where souls could fulfill this mission. "You preceded all the works of
But on the other hand, if a person runs after every base instinct and
desire, then this person is denying "G-dliness" in favor of the animal
kingdom. What is he or she? A sophisticated animal! Merely the latest in a
chain of animals stretching back to Creation... and indeed, "the mosquito
came before you."
So indeed, we have complete freedom to choose whatever we would like to be.
Anything we want! But who would want to be an animal, when he or she can
be like G-d?
Text Copyright © 1997 Rabbi Yaakov Menken and Project Genesis,
The author is the Director of Project Genesis.