"And she [Leah] became pregnant again, and gave birth to a boy, and she
said, 'this time I will give thanks to G-d;' therefore she called his name
Yehudah; and she ceased to have children." [29:35]
This verse is explained by Rashi, Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, from the Medrash
Breishis Rabba: the matriarchs were prophetesses, and they knew that twelve
tribes would emerge from Yaakov, and he married four women - thus when
Yehudah, her fourth son, was born, Leah gave thanks because she had "taken
more than her share."
This week I heard the same Dvar Torah from two different sources - by email
from Rabbi Yehoshua Bertram, a teacher in Ohr Somayach whom I visited
frequently for Shalosh Seudos when I lived in Jerusalem, and in person from
Rabbi Leonard Dickstein, a resident of Silver Spring, MD, who was speaking
at the Sheva Brachos (celebratory meal during the week after marriage) of
his daughter Miriam and David Zuroff. The coincidence is striking enough
that I will repeat the Dvar Torah for you here, and do so in honor of the
newlyweds - may they build a Bayis Ne'eman B'Yisrael (a "faithful home" in
Israel) and enjoy many happy years together.
The Talmud, Tractate Brachos 7b, says the following: "Rebbe Yochanan said
in the name of Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai, 'from the day that the Holy One,
Blessed be He, created the world, there was no one who offered thanks to
Him until Leah came and offered thanks to him, as the verse says, "This
time I will offer thanks to G-d."'"
As Rabbi Dickstein pointed out, this is a difficult passage to understand -
are we truly to believe that no one thanked HaShem previously? Perhaps the
simplest answer is that the Torah itself has no previous record of such
thanks. The Torah Temima points out, however, that the Talmud Bava Basra
credits Adam HaRishon ("the first") with the original authorship of Psalm
139, which reads, "I will give thanks to You, for in an awesome way was I
formed, Your works are wonders, and my soul knows this well." [v. 14] He
then resolves this by distinguishing Leah's gratitude for a particular act
of kindness bestowed upon her, from the more general thanks for G-d's
wonders given by Adam. But in any case, however we set aside or reconcile
this problem, another question immediately arises.
If indeed it is true that Leah was the first to give thanks, then one would
have expected G-d to amply reward her for her conduct. What we see is just
the opposite: that she was then given no more children for several years.
Why was there no reward?
The answer is that gratitude alone is insufficient. It is far too easy to
become complacent, to "count one's blessings" and fail to recognize the
need for continued help.
Life's many challenges only come to a close when life itself comes to a
conclusion ("after 120"). In the meantime, we always need help, and can
never sit back and predict smooth sailing ahead. When Rachel finally became
pregnant and had a child, she called him "Yosef", which means to add. In
the midst of her gratitude, she said "Yosef HaShem li ben acher," "G-d
should add another child for me." [30:24]
When praying to G-d, it's not only true that "it never hurts to ask" - it
hurts not to ask!