Home Subscribe Services Support Us
Print Version

Email this article to a friend


by Rabbi Yaakov Menken

"If you see the donkey of someone you hate struggling under its burden, shall you refrain from helping to unload it? You shall certainly unload it with him." [23:5]

The Tosfos, a major commentary on the Talmud, discusses this verse. The authors ask a simple question: why does this mitzvah focus upon someone you hate? The obvious, simple answer is that this applies even to someone you hate. But the Tosfos provides us with a far more profound reason for highlighting this particular case.

Obviously, this does not refer to someone whom you dislike as an individual. To hate your brother or sister is prohibited by the Torah, and without question any mitzvah to help would apply to any such person without being specified. What the Torah is discussing here, then, is a person whom you know engages in deliberate, evil behavior. In this case, you have an obligation to hate the evil actions, and to even demonstrate hatred towards the person doing them -- to distance yourself from evil.

The problem is that over the course of time, mitzvah hatred can easily transform itself into personal hatred. Instead of distancing myself from evil, I end up participating in the evil of gratuitous hatred.

If I demonstrate hatred because of the person's evil actions, he or she will begin to hate me as well. "Like a face reflected in the water, so is the heart of a person towards another" -- the way another person feels towards you is a reflection of the way you behave towards that person. And even if the hatred is because I have this mitzvah to hate evil, that person's hatred towards me is no mitzvah at all, but simply personal. What happens then? Even my hatred towards that person becomes personal as well. No longer a mitzvah, my behavior becomes the very opposite of what the Torah desires.

Therefore, says the Torah, we must extend ourselves to help that person when he or she is in distress. There is a limit, a boundary, to what is called a mitzvah of hatred. A vital undercurrent of love must remain!

Sponsored for the speedy healing of Aharon Yoel ben Pinyah.



View Complete List

Why Eight Days?
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

The Meaning of Miracles
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

To Fergin Or Forget
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771


The Whole and The Part - Part I
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Yosef's Approach to God-Based Events
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5771

Facing the Challenge
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

> The Brothers Went To Indulge Themselves
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Just Five More Minutes of Sleep!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Real People
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Natural Miracles
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Chanukah, Chutzpah, and Coming Close to G-d
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Tainted Intent
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Enlightening the Present From the Past
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

The Hasmoneans Take a Stand: A History of Chanukah, Part II
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5774

A Glaring Omission
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

One Nation, Divisible
Shlomo Katz - 5762

Project Genesis Home

Torah Portion

Jewish Law



Learn the Basics




Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base


About Us

Contact Us

Free Book on Geulah! Home Copyright Information