Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  LifeLine
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Shemos

by Rabbi Yaakov Menken

Small Miracles

"And a man from the house of Levi went out, and took for his wife a daughter of Levi." [Shemos 2:1]

Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi) explains the extra word "vayelech [went out]" in this verse, which refers to Amram and Yocheved. Amram had previously married Yocheved, he explains, but separated from her in response to Pharoah's decree that all Jewish boys be killed. Amram "went out" in the path of his daughter's advice.

According to our Sages, his daughter Miriam told him, "Your decree is still worse than Pharoah's! Pharoah decreed only against Jewish boys, but yours is against girls as well!" Because of Miriam's counsel, Amram remarried Yocheved, and Our Rabbi Moshe was born.

We should wonder, though, when Miriam made her argument, and when it was accepted. Obviously the separation went on for some time, especially because Pharoah made two decrees. The first decree was that the midwives should kill any male Jewish child [1:16]. After that failed, Pharoah then told his entire nation to throw any Jewish boy into the Nile river [1:22]. Amram, apparently, remarried only after the second decree, which ordered all Egyptians to take part! Does this make sense?

In order to answer this, let us look first at another puzzling story. In Parshas Vayeshev, which we read several weeks ago, Yosef's brothers decide to kill him. But "Reuven heard, and he saved him from their hands..." [Br. 37:21]. What did they do instead? They threw him in a pit, "and the pit was empty, it had no water" [37:24]. Our Sages asked, "if it says the pit is empty, don't I know that it has no water? Rather, it had no water, but it did have snakes and scorpions" [Talmud Shabbos 22a]. So what kind of "rescue" did Reuven carry out? How can the Torah credit Reuven with "saving" Yosef, when he dumped Yosef into a pit filled with snakes and scorpions?

The answer goes to the very nature of a human being. A human being has one trait which, above all others, distinguishes us from animals: the trait of free will, of choice. Humans can choose to kill or not to kill; for animals, the decision is made by a host of external factors - animals don't go on a rampage because they "feel like doing it," nor are they generous by choice. Only we humans have the ability to make our own decisions.

Because the natural order of things is for humans to have free will, it would have been miraculous beyond nature for Divine Intervention to save Yosef from his stronger brothers who had surrounded him. Because scorpions, on the other hand, do not have free choice, it is not entirely unnatural (though certainly unusual) for them to fail to sting and kill someone who lands in their pit. Therefore Reuven did indeed save Yosef. He saved Yosef from his brothers, given that Divine Intervention could then save him from the snakes and scorpions in the pit - a miracle, but not beyond nature.

We can then understand why Amram might more willingly remarry Yocheved after the second decree. Under the first, the midwives were commanded to kill the boys, and had they not displayed amazing self-sacrifice, an open miracle would have been needed to save each child. The second decree, however, put death in the hands of the river - and thus only a "natural" miracle would be needed to save them.

[From Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Hertzberg zt"l, Rabbi in Baltimore for 42 years, and my wife's grandfather. The original text is in the posthumous collection of his Divrei Torah, Tzaddik B'Emunaso.]

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Yaakov Menken


This week's class is dedicated to the speedy healing of Azriel Yitzchak ben Chaya Gitel.


Text Copyright © 2004 by Torah.org.

The author is the Director of Project Genesis - Torah.org.

 


 






ARTICLES ON DEVARIM AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

9th of Av: Reasons for Fasting - Part 2
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

In the Eye of the Beholder
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

The Pathway to Consolation and Redemption
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

> The Shepherd Sticks with His Flock
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Unquestioned Answers
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5761

Don't Flaunt It
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

ArtScroll

Immortal Teacher
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

Tooth and Nail
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Sense and Sensitivity
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Foundation of Piety
Shlomo Katz - 5773

Don't Flaunt It
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Seeing HASHEM with Our Hearts
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Eisav's Reward
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

The Laws of Kashrus: Is it techinical or something deeper?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

YomTov, vol. XIII # 3
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

A Good Eye
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5763



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information