Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Food-Related Mitzvos

13: Blessings after a Meal

You shall eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless Hashem, your God, for the good land that He gave you. (Devarim 8:10)

One is obligated to recite Birkas HaMazon (Grace after Meals) after every meal eaten with bread. Although the blessings are a Torah obligation, the Talmud explains that the text we have was formulated at different points in our history:

The first blessing was formulated by Moshe Rabbeinu in gratitude for the mon, the miracle food which the Jews ate for forty years.

The second blessing was formulated by Yehoshua when the Jews entered Eretz Yisrael.

The third blessing was formulated by David HaMelech, who focused his prayers on the Jewish nation and on Yerushalayim, and by Shlomo who added the prayer for the Beis HaMikdash.

The fourth blessing was added by the Sages of Yavneh, when they were granted the right to bury the deceased of Beitar and they saw the great miracle that the bodies had not decomposed.

Rav Shimshon Refael Hirsch explains that when the Jews were exiled the other nations claimed that the Jews had been rejected by Hashem. To demonstrate that Hashem never forsakes us, the Sages added a blessing to bentching upon the first major miracle in exile.

Before eating, one is required to recite a blessing for each type of food, unless he eats it as part of a meal, in which case it is covered by the HaMotzi blessing. This is a Rabbinical ordinance.


Text Copyright 2006 by Rabbi Moshe Goldberger and Torah.org.


 






ARTICLES ON VAYEITZEI AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Every Last Drop
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5760

Respect of the Sanctuary: On Sacred Ground
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

When You've Got It, Don't Flaunt It
Rabbi Chaim Flom - 5768

> Light Up Right
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

Asleep on Hallowed Ground
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5772

"More Than I Deserve"
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

ArtScroll

Non Negotiable Part II
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Fourteen Sleepless Years
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Departure of the 'Tent Dweller'
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Nurture the Yaakov Avinu Within Ourselves
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

Chanukah Oil: A Real No-Know
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5762

Why Rachel Was Remembered
Rabbi Leib Kelman - 5757

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Tightening the Hellenistic Screws: A History of Chanukah, Part I
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774

The Hasmoneans Take a Stand: A History of Chanukah, Part II
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5774

Suffering From Success
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

Out of Love
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information