Perfection. At its best, it is an elusive goal, driving its pursuer to ever
greater heights. At its worst, perfection can become an obsession; an
unobtainable target that forever escapes those convinced they can
What is the Jewish outlook on perfection? In this week's sidrah, Lech
Lecha, we read (17:1): "When Avram was ninety-nine years old,
Hashem appeared to Avram and said to him, 'I am E-l Shadd-ai; go
before Me, and you will be perfect.'" To achieve perfection, it seems,
all we have to do is 'go before Hashem.'
How does one "go before Hashem?" The holy Mezritcher Maggid zt"l
(Likkutei Torah) explains this as follows: If one is aware and truly
believes that Hashem surrounds him and is with him at every
moment and in every situation, then he has achieved true perfection.
Even if he lapses momentarily in his faith, this person's acute
awareness of the pervasive presence of Hashem in his life will
invariably lift his spirits, preventing him from falling. Contrary to
secular thought, which sees perfection as the control of as many
components of life and nature as humanly possible, our concept of
perfection is one of genuine awareness *that we are not in control,* and
the complete faith that we are never alone, constantly surrounded by the
Presence of Hashem Who "fills all worlds and surrounds all worlds."
A misnaged (opponent of the chassidic movement) once
encountered an old friend who had already been swayed by the
teachings of the Ba'al Shem Tov, and had become a disciple of one
of the great chassidic leaders of the time. "Tell me," asked the
misnaged, "what is so great about your rebbe?"
"My rebbe is so spiritually elevated," said the chassid, "that his mind
probes the very thoughts of his disciples."
"You want me to believe that?" - "Sure, try it out, I'll tell what you're
"Now this," said the misnaged, "I've got to see. Okay, I'm thinking
something - now you tell me what I'm thinking."
"You're thinking," said the chassid, "that the Almighty surrounds and
permeates all worlds. That His awesome presence is the pervasive
force in your life, and that His loving hand never stops guiding you."
"Ha! I got you -- I wasn't thinking anything of the sort!"
"Well if that's the case," said the chassid, "then you certainly need my
rebbe! He will teach you how crucial it is for a Jew to constantly have
The Maggid quotes a verse from Tehillim (32:10): "He who trusts in
Hashem, kindness surrounds him." Upon this verse, Chazal, our
Sages comment (Yalkut loc. cit.), "Even a wicked person who trusts
in Hashem is surrounded by kindness."
In parshas Va-eschanan, there is a pasuk (verse) that
beautifully articulates this concept: "You have been shown in order
to know that Hashem, He is G-d; Ein Od Milvado - there is
nothing else (other than Him)! (Devarim 4:35)." In his commentary to
this verse, Rashi explains that at Mattan Torah, Hashem split open
the seven Heavens and the lower realms, and every Jew clearly saw
that Hashem is the only Force in the universe. Although the Heavens
afterward closed, and the earth returned to its natural order, that
revelation left an indelible imprint on the soul of every Jew. It is what
makes it feasible for us to see through the workings of nature and its
seemingly independent forces, and realize that ultimately, "Ein Od
Milvado - there is nothing else other than Him."
The Gemara (Chullin 7b) quotes the statement of Rabbi Chanina ben
Dosa, that the words "Ein Od Milvado" exclude even the powers of
keshafim - sorcery. Once, the Gemara relates, a sorceress tried to
take some earth from under Rabbi Chanina's feet, in order to cast a
spell over him. "Go ahead," said Rabbi Chanina, "it will do you no
good - for it is written, Ein Od Milvado!"
Rabbi Chaim Volozhiner (Nefesh HaChaim 3:12) explains that Rabbi
Chanina was not relying on a miracle to save him. Rather, Rabbi
Chanina, "had firmly established in his heart the emunah [belief] that
there is no other force in the universe other than the will of Hashem.
He was so connected in his mind to the Master of all forces that it
was clear to him that nothing else has any control or existence at all.
With this conviction, he was confident that the forces of sorcery could
have no influence over him - unless Hashem so desired." When he declared,
"Ein Od Milvado," he was emphasizing the clarity of his perfect faith.
As they say, nobody's perfect. From time to time, we all fail.
Perhaps, though, we would be well served to realize that while
attaining material perfection is an impossible goal, perfect faith is
within our reach. The more we allow the awareness of Hashem to
permeate our lives and our thoughts, the closer we come to perfection.