Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann
Spouse Hunting - Corralling a Kallah
In parshas Chayei Sarah, Eliezer, Avraham's servant, is sent on a
journey to find a wife for Yitzchak. He sets out with "ten camels, of his
master's camels, and all the good of his master in his hand. [24:10]"
What, asks Rashi, could Eliezer have taken in his hand to which the
Torah refers as "all the good of his master?" Rashi explains that
Avraham gave him a document in which he made everything he
owned a gift to Yitzchak, in order that parents should be eager to
send him their daughter.
Chazal, our Sages, tell us that, "Ma'asei avos siman la-banim, the
deeds of the forefathers are a prototype for their children." If Avraham
sent a document with Eliezer giving everything he had to Yitzchak as
a "perk" for his kallah's family, there must be a message to us about
finding an appropriate chassan or kallah for our children. What is so
important the fact that Avraham gave everything he had to Yitzchak?
As a young adult, R' Aryeh Leib, better known as the famous Aryeh
d'Bei Ilai, married the daughter of a wealthy man from Preimsle. It
was agreed that his father-in-law would support the young couple
indefinitely in order that his brilliant son-in-law could study Torah
undisturbed by the burden of providing for a growing family.
Unfortunately, it did not take long before his daughter grew tired of
her husband's rigid schedule and lack of interest in anything outside
of Torah and serving Hashem. Her father was a wealthy magnate who
had connections with prominent businessmen and hobnobbed with
the elite. At the dinner table, he would enthral his family with tales of
trips to far-away places and exotic lands, and his meetings and
dealings with the rich and famous. Deep down, she had hoped that
her husband would one day too be a successful businessman in
whom she could take pride. She began to pester R' Aryeh Leib,
asking him when he would be finished his studies, so that he could
get down to the business of building an empire. Incredulous, R' Aryeh
Leib told her in no uncertain terms that he had no interest in empire-
building. It became obvious that the two were not compatible, and
before long they were divorced.
Soon afterwards, a shadchan (matchmaker) suggested that perhaps
the righteous Chana, daughter of the famed tzaddik R' Moshe
Teitelbaum, better known as the Yismach Moshe, would be an
appropriate match for R' Aryeh Leib. The Yismach Moshe spent some
time getting to know R' Aryeh Leib, and was taken aback by the
young man's extreme dedication and unparalleled brilliance. There
was no doubt in his mind: He would do anything to secure R' Aryeh
Leib as a husband for his daughter. He went as far as to tell the
shadchan that he was willing to obligate himself in an unusually
His wife, when he informed her of his plans, was not impressed.
"Should our daughter take someone else's leftovers? If he wasn't good
enough for his first wife... And a dowry fit for a king to boot!"
"Let me tell you a parable," he said. "A simple farmer is plowing his
field when his plow suddenly grinds to a halt. Upon examination, he
discovers a wooden chest buried in the earth. Perturbed by the delay,
yet with no choice, he digs out the chest. Inside he finds hundreds
and hundreds of precious gems and jewels. Simpleton that he was,
he assumes the jewels are seeds, and proceeds to soak them in water
in order to soften them. When they become soft he will plant them.
To his dismay, the "seeds" just don't seem to soften, even after many
days of soaking. He takes them to a neighbour to ask his opinion.
His neighbour, somewhat brighter than he, realizes what the "seeds"
really are. 'You know," says he, "these seeds are old and won't likely
bear fruit. Leave them here, and I will give you these other seeds
instead. They are fresh and will give you excellent produce!' The
simple farmer thanks his generous neighbour profusely for his help.
Both the simple farmer and his wily neighbour are thrilled with their
"If his first in-laws," said R' Moshe to his wife, "were so foolish as to
discard the jewel they had been given in exchange for some simple
seeds, should we not have the cunning to quickly grab up the jewel
they've left behind?"
Since R' Moshe was not a wealthy man, and even after selling most
everything he had, he still couldn't come up with the amount he had
promised for the dowry, he asked his wife that she sell her jewellery.
"Chazal say, after all, that one should sell everything one has in order
to marry his daughter to a talmid chacham (Torah scholar) [Talmud,
Pesachim 49a]! Rest assured that this young man is one of the future
giants of our generation." After hearing such an impassioned speech
from her husband, she did so without hesitation.
From Avraham giving "everything he had" to Yitzchak in order to
secure an appropriate kallah, it appears that finding a suitable spouse
for one's child is no small matter. If need be - give everything you
have (and more!). There is nothing more important than assuring
your child is going to "set up shop" with a partner that has similar
views and hashkafos, and will be a positive influence on their life.
This is the coming generation; it's what you're leaving over in the
world. You've only got one chance - make it count!
Interestingly, Yitzchak at this stage was already forty. Son of a wealthy
magnate, one might have expected that, with a little help from father,
he might have already himself been a successful businessman. By
sending Eliezer with a document giving "everything Avraham had" to
Yitzchak, he is intimating to his future wife that Yitzchak has no
interest in building an empire. If by the age of forty Yitzchak had
taken no interest in amassing his own fortune, it was likely that fame
and fortune were not what appealed to him.
It is noteworthy that Rashi's wording is that the need for the
document was, "in order that parents should be eager to send him
their daughter." Why does Rashi make no mention about the
eagerness of the kallah herself? If Yitzchak's future kallah were to be
impressed with the wealth of her father-in-law, it would not bode well
for her future as the successor of Sarah. Avraham was not looking for
a kallah who dreamed of palaces and riches, of servants and seven-
course meals. Perhaps he specified to Eliezer that the document was
for the in-laws' eyes only, but let not the kallah's judgement be
swayed by the wealth of her chassan. While it's natural for a parent
to want the best for their children, when the children want "the best"
for themselves, one might well be wary of self-centeredness and
greed, which aren't always the best ingredients for a successful
While not every chassan is destined to become the next Rabbi Akiva,
and not every kallah is going to be the righteous matriarch Sarah,
finding a spouse that will help our children achieve their maximum
potential in serving Hashem is no simple task. It requires dedication,
a touch of realism, and above all a generous dose of Siyata Di-
Have a good Shabbos.
This week's publication was sponsored by Mr.
Zalman Deutsch, in memory of his sister, Sarah bas R'
Yaakov Tzvi HaCohen.
Text Copyright © 2002 Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann and Project Genesis, Inc.