Spiritual and Physical
Moshe stretched out his hand over the sea. God caused the sea to go
back with a powerful east wind all that night, dividing the waters and
making the sea dry land. (Shemos 14:21)
It may be difficult to notice at first, but, because of this verse, an
profound question emerges, the answer to which yields an extremely
important insight into life. The question: Why did God use a powerful
east wind to split the sea? No, not as opposed to a west wind, or a
north wind, etc., but, as opposed to any wind at all?
This discussion is actually part of a larger one. As the Leshem points out,
it is not a natural thing for the spiritual and physical to work together.
example, it is the natural drive of the soul to return back to the
realm from which it was taken, and the natural drive of the body to go in
exactly the opposite direction, back to the dust from which it was taken.
to their own devices, life would never get started.
If so, then what keeps them together, and for an entire lifetime yet! A
miracle. God wills it. And, as long as He wills it, they remain bound
no matter how much each one tries to go elsewhere. And, try they
do, incessantly, which is what makes free-will possible, as each one tries
impose its will on the other in any given situation throughout the course
If so, then death should merely be the process of God ceasing to will the
union of body and soul. He shouldn’t have to do anything special to make a
person depart from this world. He should just have to stop willing them to
remain in this world, and like a helium balloon finally set free, the soul
should simply and automatically race back to its heavenly domain, making
the death of the body a de facto reality.
But, that’s not the way it happens. Rather, when a person’s time is up,
God doesn’t simply stop willing the soul to remain in the body, as the
seems to imply (Niddah 31a). Rather, God dispatches the Malach Ha-
Maves, the infamous Angel of Death, to collect the person’s soul, and cause
his death. The question is, why?
Likewise, to split the sea, God shouldn’t have to send an east wind. All
He should have to do is stop willing the water to be there, and it is gone,
just like that. Come to think of it, were all the plagues in Egypt even
If it’s freedom God wants for the Jewish people, all He had to do was
stop willing the slavery, and it would have ended on the spot. Why the big
production in the end?
So, the Leshem explains:
All of existence, throughout history until the final rectification, remains
on the level of cause and action only. Everything is in the middle of its
work. (Sha’arei Leshem, p. 59)
Creation, as we know it, is a work in progress. All that exists, and all
occurs, only has meaning inasmuch as it is for the sake of the final
that God had in mind when He first made the world and set history in
Therefore, The Holy One, Blessed is He, is not yet pleased, so-to-speak,
with His world. For, there is no joy from an action in progress, only after
it is complete and has fulfilled its purpose. (Ibid.)
As the Leshem explains elsewhere:
It says in Pesikta d’Rav Kahana (Acharei 170): “I said to the
not profligate’ …” (Tehillim 75:5); The Holy One, Blessed is He, said to
the evil, “The righteous do not take pleasure in My world … Adam
HaRishon did not derive joy … Avraham did not have joy from My
world …” For, The Holy One, Blessed is He, does not derive pleasure
from His world, so-to-speak, etc. It does not say, “God derives pleasure
from His creations,” but “will derive pleasure” (Tehillim 104:31). (Dayah,
Chelek 2, Drush 2, Anaf 2, Os 1)
In other words, the verse says that God does not yet derive any pleasure
from His handiwork, but that He will, at some time in the future. And, when
will that be? Only after every aspect of Creation will have completed its
Like we have said previously, all of the potential of all existence, in
and in specific, and all aspects of their specific details that come
into being each moment of time throughout the 6,000 years; all of them
are actions and work for the sake of the future purpose. (Sha’arei Leshem,
The universe is vast, made up of countless details and aspects, much of
which seems merely to exist, with little or no connection to other aspects
existence. However, every last cell and organism has come into being, and
exists for one specific purpose: the Divine purpose for Creation, which
be realize at a future time. Therefore, the moment something ceases to
to the fulfillment of the Divine purpose for Creation, it will cease to
Therefore, The Holy One, Blessed is He, arranged that the way of all
things, even those things that seem to be the result of withdrawal and
and can be achieved by the cessation of action … (Ibid.)
For example, the splitting of a sea takes a positive action, since the
state of water is to be unified. However, poverty can simply be the result
of God ceasing to send money to a person, since the “natural” state of
is not to provide a parnassah unless a person does something to earn it.
… nevertheless, The Holy One, Blessed is He, arranged that they too
should be achieved only through work and action specifically. (Ibid.)
However, explains the Leshem, even the cessation of parnassah is the result
of a positive act on behalf of Heaven.
For, if not, then the matter would exist without purpose, God forbid, like
a craftsman who has stopped in the middle of his work. (Ibid.)
In other words, Creation must always be in progress towards its ultimate
fulfillment. If a craftsman starts a project, and then leaves it before
everything he has brought into reality until that point loses its meaning,
until he starts again where he left off. The same is true of everything in
whatever exists must be used until it has fulfilled its purpose.
For, it is impossible for something to accomplish its purpose the entire
time that it is stopped and not working at all. (Ibid.)
This is a world of action. Everything is constantly in motion, or at least
active. Even the human brain doesn’t stop for a moment, at least while a
person is alive, and necessary to Creation. Every moment represents a new
opportunity to bring some potential into actuality, and the world, that
closer to completion. It is the way of this world. In the next one, we
Therefore, even when God can accomplish something by simply stopping
it from continuing its previous existence, He doesn’t. Rather, instead,
He employs angels and the like to carry out His will, such as the death of
person, or the splitting of a sea, ultimately, to send man a message: make
the most out of every moment of life, if you want to play an active role in
the fulfillment of the purpose of Creation, and be rewarded for it.
Therefore, even when we feel the need to take a break, which is only
human, it has to be so that we can get back into the swing of things later,
and accomplish more. We have to realize, and recall all the time, that
a world of action, and every moment possesses additional opportunities to
bring potential into reality, and be credited for having done so. There is
time to be lazy in this world.
Half-way through the period of “Shov’vim,”2 on the path to redemption
and personal fulfillment, it is the most important message of this time.
as we learn from the Pesach experience, in which direction we are moving,
redemption is not a passive activity. Rather, it must involve us, and a
free person is one who approaches life in this way.
Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Pinchas Winston and Torah.org.