Parshios Netzavim & Vayeilech
The final words of Moshe to Israel regarding its future course in history
and destiny are recorded for us in these last parshiyot of the Torah.
Mincing no words and offering no simple palliatives, Moshe tells Israel of
its impending tragedies and difficulties. He offers hope and confidence that
eventually all will come right and that there is no room for despair no
matter the problems that the Jewish people will encounter in their long
journey through history.
But, he points out that God’s eternal covenant with Israel is not one-sided.
And if Israel refuses to live up to its end of the agreement – the
observance of Torah values and mitzvoth – and apes the prevailing immoral
societal behavior of the nations of the world, then dire consequences will
There will not be a free ride for the Jews in history. Payment will always
be extracted for wrong decisions, abandonment of God’s covenant with them,
sinful behavior and false value systems. Terrible things will befall them –
events that, even in retrospect, are hardly describable and certainly never
could have been predicted in advance.
And yet, everything that Moshe foretold would happen to the Jewish people
has in fact occurred. Ramban states that one of the great proofs of the
veracity of Judaism is the fact that someone – Moshe - could stand millennia
earlier and accurately describe what would happen in the far distant and
then unimaginable future.
But it is not that fact alone that makes the Jewish story so exceptional in
the annals of humankind. It is the continued effectiveness and eternal
relevance of the covenant between God and Israel, a covenant that is clearly
described in this week’s parshiyot and which guides the story of the Jews
over these millennia.
In the parsha we are told that when awesome and terrible troubles will
befall Israel, the Jewish response will be that the reason for these
cruelties is because “the Lord is not present within our midst.” The simple
and universally accepted interpretation of this verse is that the Jewish
people slid away from Godliness and holiness, were not observant of the
Torah and did not place any strong spiritual priorities on their behavior
and in their lives.
They pursued physical pleasures and assets for their own sake and ignored
their true calling to be a holy nation and a kingdom of priests. The Lord
was not present in their midst and was not the major determining factor in
their lifestyle and existence. However, the Malbim in a letter written at
the turn of the twentieth century mentioned a different view of the verse.
He, in describing the turbulent disaffection of Jews from Torah that already
characterized his time, stated that there would be sizable numbers of Jews
who, because of the tragedies, would deny that God existed at all. They
would refuse to believe in, much less honor, God’s covenant with Israel. And
this, in fact, is what happened to the Jewish people over the past century.
But God’s covenant remains eternally in force with us and eventually the
blessings of that covenant will be showered upon us in the great good new
year that is arriving.
Rabbi Berel Wein