Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Parshas Behar

The Sabbatical Year: God Rules Over Us

The opening commandment in this weekís parsha deals with shemitta Ė the sabbatical year for the Land of Israel when the ground was to be allowed to lie fallow and the farmer abstained from his regular routine of work. The traditional commentators to the Torah emphasized that even though the ground and farmer would benefit in the long run from the yearís inactivity this was not the reason for the commandment.

There are always side benefits from obeying the commandments of the Torah but these are never the reason or the basis for the commandment itself. The underlying lesson of the sabbatical year is its obvious kinship to the weekly Sabbath. Just as every seven days brings with it a holy day of rest, so too does a holy sabbatical year bring with it a rest for the earth itself.

And, to continue this obvious comparison between these two Sabbaths, just as the weekly Sabbath is meant to remind us of Godís creation of the universe so too does the seven year Sabbath testify to Godís omnipotence and presence in all of our human affairs.

The foundation and basis of all of Jewish faith and belief in its Torah is the necessity of human acknowledgment of Godís role in our lives and in His ability to instruct us how to live. Since the weekly Sabbath sometimes is taken for granted for it becomes such an accustomed and regular part of our existence, the seven year Sabbath comes to jolt us out of our complacency and to have us recognize clearly, once again Godís rule over us.

Shemitta has always been a difficult test of faith for the Jewish people. Even in Temple times it appears that the commandment was never fully fulfilled. There are many reasons for this apparent laxity in observance, the most obvious one being the seeming impracticality of its observance.

The Torah promised prosperity because of shemitta observance but the people feared the practicality of observing this commandment properly. In our time the shemitta remains a contentious topic with various halachic solutions being advanced and implanted, all in effect circumventing the true basic observance of the commandment itself.

Apparently the commandment was meant for a more perfectly faithful society than the one we have ever been successful in achieving. Nevertheless, the challenge posed by the shemitta remains omnipresent in Jewish life. As long as there is not a proper balance between human effort and ultimate faith in the Almighty we remain a somewhat dysfunctional society.

The shemitta reminds us of our dependence upon God and on factors that are not within our human power to control. It forces us to renew our weekly sabbatical testimony as to the creation and guidance of our world and its events. Even if we are unable to fulfill the shemitta commandment fully as of yet, the idea behind it demands our discipline and understanding. The weekly Sabbath is the basic day of Jewish observance. The seven year Sabbath reinforces this basis of all Torah observance.

Shabat shalom.

Rabbi Berel Wein


Crash course in Jewish history

Rabbi Berel Wein- Jewish historian, author and international lecturer offers a complete selection of CDs, audio tapes, video tapes, DVDs, and books on Jewish history at www.rabbiwein.com


 






ARTICLES ON MASEI AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

A Future Built on the Past
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5759

Learn from Your Past!
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771

Journey from Egypt to the World-to-Come
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

ArtScroll

Take Vengeance for Hashem
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5756

More Generous Thoughts
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764

Following Instructions!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Confusing Causation
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5768

To Tell You The Truth...
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5764

9th of Av: Reasons for Fasting - Part 1
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Unquestioned Answers
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5761

The Longest Journey Ever
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

Close Enough?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

> Crossover Holiness
Shlomo Katz - 5760

Vengeance: Revenge is Sweet
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

Criticm - To Accept or to Defend
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

A Day of Rebuilding
Rabbi Label Lam - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information