Da'at Tevunot - The Knowing Heart: Section 6, Chapter 9
(∂ 172 - 174 [beg.])
1. Weíd now need to explain something else essential to Godís interactions
with us thatís beyond the reward-and-punishment paradigm and Mazal .
For while both of those are tailored to oneís own makeup and ultimate needs,
there are other, this-worldly and universal forces that follow a course of
their own. Theyíre rooted in the needs of the moment at hand, and they have
to do with the aforementioned astrological influences.
2. Weíre taught that the stars and constellations act as particular and
special conduits of G-dís interactions with the world, and that they
function in that capacity in relation to each other and to everything here
below. But itís important to know a couple of things about them for our
First, that each star and constellation influences a particular person,
place, or thing, and that each of the latter is influenced by one star or
constellation alone at any one point. Yet, each star and constellation also
has its own specific moment, hour, day, or era to ďshineĒ (if youíll pardon
the pun) -- a point at which it matters most especially in the grand scheme.
Understand, of course, that thereís a significant difference between the
two. For, when a particular star or constellation interacts with someone or
something specific, thatís so because thereís an intrinsic and singular
relationship between star and object, and because the heavenly body has a
particular hold over it. When a particular star or constellation has a
special task of its own, on the other hand, then it holds sway over
everything in broad strokes.
As weíll see, all this goes to explain G-dís interactions with us in general.
 For this and the next chapterís Kabbalistic references see Klallim
Rishonim 35, Rí Friedlanderís note 488, and Rí Shrikiís note 174.
Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason
Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various
locations on the Web.