Fundamentals of the Jewish Faith
Chapter Four: The Divine Merit-System (Part 3)
“But you need to know,” Ramchal makes clear, that while indeed “the main
reward is the true good that the righteous will enjoy in The World to
Come” as we indicated, that’s nevertheless not the only venue in which the
righteous are rewarded.
For, “there are some good deeds … that are rewarded both in this world and
in the World to Come”, just as there are “some misdeeds … that are
penalized for both in this world and in the World to Come”. And
conversely, there are good deeds that are only rewarded for in this world,
and some misdeeds that are only penalized for in this world.
Perhaps the wisdom of that can be explained by our own experience.
For as everyone knows, we’re happiest when we’re rewarded right there and
then (as when we win a lottery the very same day we enter it, for example;
or we catch a train as soon as we get to the terminal, etc.). Now, while
we’re certainly happy too when things are almost just-so (as when we win
the lottery the following month; we catch the train within 15 minutes, and
the like), still and all the joy is less, and we grow impatient in the
And the painful truth is that we’re downright sad when things seem to go
against us at every turn (as when we lose the lottery, or miss the train) -
- even when it turns out to be for the best in the end. Because as we all
know as well, every now and then what starts off as bad is actually for
the best (as when winning the lottery would have been an emotional
disaster for us, or if we’d have been in an accident if we’d caught that
It also follows then that sometimes the best-of-all-worlds isn’t the one
we expected. That is, while we might have wished that we could be rewarded
in the ethereal World to Come and revel in spiritual glee in G-d’s
presence, our souls might not be ready for that. Contrarily, while we
might want to be rewarded in the here and now, along with family and
friends, our souls might need the more ethereal joy of the World to Come.
Or perhaps a combination of the two is best.
But only G-d could make that judgment; for whom among us has the
comprehensive wisdom needed to determine that? The point to recall is
that “the Righteous Judge always makes His decisions flawlessly”, as
Ramchal puts it, taking each and every factor and ramification into
Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason
Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various
locations on the Web.