Home Subscribe Services Support Us
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Da'at Tevunot - The Knowing Heart

Section 4, Chapter 2


Let’s start to explore the details of reward and punishment. In general, the system is rooted in an originator, G-d Almighty, and ourselves as recipients. We will dwell on G-d’s role for some time (first in general and then more specifically), then touch on our own [1].


G-d interacts with us in infinite numbers of ways, but in general He does so lovingly, firmly, or by a combination of the two. For even when He’s exacting in His expectations of us it’s still-and-all done with loving intentions, as we’re told that “the L-rd your G-d disciplines you as a man disciplines his son” (Deuteronomy 8:5). That’s to say that G-d does indeed chastise us at times, but with our own well-being in mind, and with the insight and deep love one would expect of a caring, worldly-wise parent -- certainly without malice or vengeance.

That sort of chastisement is meant to blunt any harm that would come our way had we not been forewarned and forestalled. And it’s always rooted in the recognition of what’s ultimately good for us and of our ultimate aim in life [2].

G-d also knows of course when we simply can’t shoulder His expectations, and so He oftentimes withholds His chastisements in great mercy and sympathy.

So we’d need to explore the full gamut of all that.


[1] For Kabbalistic references see Klallim Rishonim 20-21, R’ Goldblatt’s note 9, and R’ Shriki’s notes 99-100.

[2] Some are troubled in our day by the whole notion of G-d chastising us for our own good and of His always having our well-being in mind, given modern circumstances. There are no easy answers for that, but just know that a major component of Ramchal’s thinking is that everything will prove to have been for the ultimate good in the end even if we don’t understand at the time. For a full treatment of Ramchal’s discussions of this in nearly all of his works (Da’at Tevunot included), see R’ Yoseph Avivi’s Zohar Ramchal pp. 89-294.

We’d also add this statement from Bachya Ibn Pakudah’s The Duties of the Heart, “If you would only realize … that your Creator … knows better than you ever could what is good for you and what is not, you would accept each favor bestowed and would have more and more heart-felt gratitude” (3:6).

Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various locations on the Web.



View Complete List

Where Are You?
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

To Rise or to Fall
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5755

Rabbi Frand on Parshas Bereshis
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Chaos From The Beginning
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

Dog-matic Murder
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5764

From the Beginning, Again
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

> The Uniqueness of Man
Shlomo Katz - 5766

The Illusion of Nothingness
Rabbi Label Lam - 5773

In The Beginning
Shlomo Katz - 5763


From Dust To G-dliness
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5764

Knowing This World and Using it Well
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761

Adam Regrets His Gift to Dovid
- 5768

Looking for a Chavrusah?

In Light of Creation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5765

Two Halves of a Whole
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

One Word, One World
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5767

Reflections, Dissections and Connections
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

Project Genesis Home

Torah Portion

Jewish Law



Learn the Basics




Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base


About Us

Contact Us

Free Book on Geulah! Home Copyright Information