Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Da'at Tevunot - The Knowing Heart

Section 4, Chapter 2

1.

Let’s start to explore the details of reward and punishment. In general, the system is rooted in an originator, G-d Almighty, and ourselves as recipients. We will dwell on G-d’s role for some time (first in general and then more specifically), then touch on our own [1].

2.

G-d interacts with us in infinite numbers of ways, but in general He does so lovingly, firmly, or by a combination of the two. For even when He’s exacting in His expectations of us it’s still-and-all done with loving intentions, as we’re told that “the L-rd your G-d disciplines you as a man disciplines his son” (Deuteronomy 8:5). That’s to say that G-d does indeed chastise us at times, but with our own well-being in mind, and with the insight and deep love one would expect of a caring, worldly-wise parent -- certainly without malice or vengeance.

That sort of chastisement is meant to blunt any harm that would come our way had we not been forewarned and forestalled. And it’s always rooted in the recognition of what’s ultimately good for us and of our ultimate aim in life [2].

G-d also knows of course when we simply can’t shoulder His expectations, and so He oftentimes withholds His chastisements in great mercy and sympathy.

So we’d need to explore the full gamut of all that.

Notes:

[1] For Kabbalistic references see Klallim Rishonim 20-21, R’ Goldblatt’s note 9, and R’ Shriki’s notes 99-100.

[2] Some are troubled in our day by the whole notion of G-d chastising us for our own good and of His always having our well-being in mind, given modern circumstances. There are no easy answers for that, but just know that a major component of Ramchal’s thinking is that everything will prove to have been for the ultimate good in the end even if we don’t understand at the time. For a full treatment of Ramchal’s discussions of this in nearly all of his works (Da’at Tevunot included), see R’ Yoseph Avivi’s Zohar Ramchal pp. 89-294.

We’d also add this statement from Bachya Ibn Pakudah’s The Duties of the Heart, “If you would only realize … that your Creator … knows better than you ever could what is good for you and what is not, you would accept each favor bestowed and would have more and more heart-felt gratitude” (3:6).


Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various locations on the Web.


 






ARTICLES ON VAYEITZEI AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Every Nana Second
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

The Birth of a Nation
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

Behind the Gray Blur
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Shehechiyanu in Bergen Belsen
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Fourteen Sleepless Years
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Tower of Strength
Shlomo Katz - 5769

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Just Five More Minutes of Sleep!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

Good and Bad Company
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Mitzvah Lamp
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

ArtScroll

History Reenacted
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

The Twelve Stones Become One: Inverted Symbolism?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Anti-Semitism: The Original Source
Shlomo Katz - 5764

> See Yaakov Run
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

A New Role
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

A Diamond of Holiness
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Light Over Darkness
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5768



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information