Da'at Tevunot - The Knowing Heart
Section 5, Chapter 3 (¶158 [cont.])
1. “You need to be aware of a major principle about man’s Divine service”,
Ramchal cautions, and it’s this. “Each and every person and thing depends
upon G-d and His emanations”, so no one is his own master or in total
control of his actions, given that G-d grants us all the wherewithal and
ability to do anything through those emanations. There’s just one thing that
sets humans apart from other created beings and grants us some modicum of
independence, though, which is our aforementioned free will. For, as our
sages put it, “everything is in the hands of Heaven except the fear of
Heaven” (Berachot 33b).
That means to say that while each and everything in this world is under
G-d’s direct control, our reactions to everything on the other hand (termed
our “fear of Heaven” to allude to our emotional response to things) are our
own and no one else's. We can react as well and wholesomely or as poorly and
noxiously as we care to; that’s up to us alone.
So while we’re just as dependant on G-d’s emanations as everyone else, we
humans do have this one thing over the rest: we’re utterly free enough to
make our own moral and spiritual decisions as to how to react to whatever
happens to us or around us, and to establish our own stature. But that’s not
In fact, before we entered this world, when we were pure souls, we too were
utterly dependent upon G-d’s dictates and could do nothing on our own. As
only an embodied soul -- a human being with the full flower of human
potential for good or evil -- can make his or her own moral and spiritual
choices . In its pristine state, the soul hasn’t any independent will and
is utterly dependent upon G-d’s own will.
2. That goes far to explain of course the great merit due the righteous --
those who willingly and independently chose good over evil, and reached
their full human potential on their own. They’re considered G-d’s “partners”
in the work of bettering and eventually perfecting the world. They deserve a
lot, and receive it indeed.
Now, even though the rest of the Jewish Nation isn’t out-and-out righteous,
still and all, each one us is righteous to some degree or another and the
whole of our people is righteous in the aggregate. That’s why Ramchal refers
to us as G-d’s “intimates”, for we too have a share in the ultimate
perfection of the world. And we thus enjoy certain privileges that even pure
souls do not.
For while pure souls can be said to cling to G-d in their pristine state as
a “privilege” of their naturally high station and are therefore a little
“embarrassed”, if you will, by their nature, given that they themselves
hadn’t done anything to deserve that high rank , we flesh-and blood
humans, who have to earn that closeness, needn’t feel embarrassed by the
largess granted us since it would have been earned.
3. Ramchal offers that there's a very appropriate analogy to the difference
between ourselves and pure souls given the above found in the Zohar (1, 5a).
It speaks there of some who function as G-d's more humble servants and
others who function as His close servants and intimates. The former call out
to the King when they're in need to be sure, and He answers their requests
-- but back-handedly, if you will. When the latter, closer servants call out
to the King, though, He turns right around to listen to them earnestly and
“chats” with them about their needs before fulfilling them.
The same is true of us. When we're close to G-d, He faces us in close
contact in return, if you will, because we purposefully turn to Him in
prayer, in service, and in acts of charity, and because we cling onto His
presence in love.
When we aren’t on that plane though -- or before we are, in preparation for
it -- we’re still “nourished” by G-d through His emanations, much the way
pure souls are before they come into this world to earn their merits. But
like those souls, we too aren’t spoken to head-on, if you will, by G-d, as
we’re not yet deserving of that. It’s only when we will have reached our
full human spiritual potential by taking hold of our free will to draw close
to Him that we will attach onto His full presence in love.
Thus we see that there are two ways that both pure souls and humans
experience G-d and interact with Him: either head-on or back-handedly.
 See note 6 to 1:8 as well as 1:10:2, 1:11 and elsewhere above for
the temporary nature of our free will.
For Kabbalistic references see Klallim Rishonim 28 as well as R’ Goldblatt’s
notes 1, 10, and 17 and his notes 77-80 on pp. 487-488 of his edition, and
see R’ Shriki’s seminal note 132 (on free will in a Kabbalistic light).
 See 1:1:3 and note 5 there for a fuller discussion of this
Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason
Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various
locations on the Web.