Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  Page title
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Not Birchas Shema

Although the blessings before the Shema are called “Birchos Krias Shema,” they do not actually make any reference to the Shema. Most halachic authorities explain that these brachos are not blessings on Shema. This has a number of important ramifications for halacha.

The Torah writes that Krias Shema should be said when a person gets up in the morning and before he goes to sleep. Kings are generally the last to arise in the morning, and even they get up by the first quarter of the day. Consequently, Shema must be recited before the end of the first quarter of the day. The brachos before Krias Shema have different halachos, and may be said until the end of the first third of the day (Shulchan Aruch 58,6).

A person should make every effort to say the Shema with its blessing before the end of the allotted time. If for extenuating circumstances he was unable to do so, a person should say Shema without brachos before davening. He should repeat Shema with the brachos later, as long as he has time to do so before the end of the first third of the day. When saying the brachos, it is good to read Shema again, in order that his Shemoneh Esrei be preceded by these words of Torah (Shulchan Aruch 60,2). Just as the brachos are not directly related to the Shema, neither are they connected to each other. Even if one mistakenly mixes up the order, he still fulfills his obligation. (Mishna Berura 60,5).

Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Daniel Travis and



View Complete List

Adam Regrets His Gift to Dovid
- 5768

A Final Solution
Rabbi Label Lam - 5760

Rabbi Frand on Parshas Bereshis
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770

> The Eternal Embrace
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

“Fonzie & the Happy Days of Rest”
Jon Erlbaum - 5769

Understanding Creation
Shlomo Katz - 5765

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Which Came First?
Shlomo Katz - 5774

Great Expectations
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

Cherish the Memories
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764


It's Never Too Late
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

Starting Over
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

It’s All About Redemption Part I
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Dawn of a New Adventure
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

The Uniqueness of Man
Shlomo Katz - 5766

The Children of Parents
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5756

Eve of Life
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

Project Genesis Home

Torah Portion

Jewish Law



Learn the Basics




Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base


About Us

Contact Us

Free Book on Geulah! Home Copyright Information