In each of the four corners of the Women's Courtyard were chambers measuring
40 cubits (60 feet) to a side and each chamber served a different purpose.
The southeast chamber was called the Chamber of the Nazirites. A nazirite is
a man or woman who, for a set period of time, accept upon themselves not to
drink wine, cut their hair, or contract corpse-tumah. When the term
of their vow is complete the individual was required to come to the Temple
and offer certain sacrifices. The meat of the offering was brought to the
Chamber of the Nazirites to be cooked, and the nazirite would also receive a
haircut in this chamber and then the cut hair would be thrown into the fire
beneath the pot cooking the offering.
In the northeast corner of the Women's Courtyard was the Chamber of the Wood
where Kohanim would inspect firewood for use upon the Altar. Each and
every piece of wood had to be checked to determine if it was free of worms,
since any piece of wood containing worms was not fit to be burned upon the
In the northwest corner stood the Chamber of the Metzoraim.
Metzoraim (sing., metzora) are individuals who have contracted
tzaraas, an affliction brought on by the commission of certain
transgressions and whose physical symptoms must be recognized and diagnosed
by a trained Kohen. When the Kohen has determined that the
tzaraas affliction has passed, the metzora was required to
undergo a purification process which involved the offering of sacrifices in
the Temple. At one point during the course of this purification process the
metzora was required to immerse in a mikveh [ritual bath] and
would do so within the northwestern chamber in a mikveh built for
The chamber in the southwest corner was called the Chamber of the Oils and
served as the storage area for the Temple's supply of oil, wine, and flour,
all of which were used daily in large amounts. It was named for the oils
stored here since oil was present in greater quantities than wine or flour.
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