By Rabbi Yehudah Prero
The Talmud (Sanhedrin 42a) relates that “Rav Yochanan said ‘All who make
the blessing on (the new moon for) the month in the proper time, it’s as
if they have greeted the Divine Presence.”
Rabeinu Yona (on the Rif at the end of the 4th chapter of Brachos) offers
an explanation of Rav Yochanan’s statement. He says that we know that G-d
is not visible; our eyes cannot see any corporeal embodiment of G-d.
However, we can “see” him by witnessing the wonders He creates and
manifestations of His might.
The verse in Yeshaya (45:15) states, “Indeed, you are a G-d who conceals
Himself, the G-d of Israel, the Savior.” This means that even though G-d
is hidden from our eyes, as we cannot see him, He is still the G-d of
Israel, for whom he performs countless wonders, and He is our Savior at
all times. Through the acts of salvation performed for us, we, mankind,
are able to “see” Hashem, He is revealed to us, and we are cognizant of
his presence. Through the monthly cycle of the waxing and waning of the
moon, we are able to catch a glimpse of the wondrous workings of G-d. As
such, when we recognize this and bless G-d accordingly, it is as if we are
greeting G-d Himself, as we are acknowledging His presence.
The Alter of Kelm elaborates on Rabeinu Yona’s message. Once a person
becomes accustomed to certain behaviors or certain happenings, the person
no longer becomes emotionally moved upon witnessing those behaviors or
happenings. These matters fade into the background and become simply facts
of life. The person no longer gives any thought as to how or why those
events occurred, or who made them happen.
The sun, as we know, shines during the day. Its rise and set comes with
regularity, day in and day out. As nightfall comes, the light of the sun
fades and the moon takes its prominent place in the heavens above. The
moon, unlike the sun, does not look the same two days running. The verse
in Tehillim (104:19) says “He has made the moon for appointed times, the
sun – he knows its coming.”
On this verse, the Talmud (Rosh HaShana 25a) says that “it is only the
sun whose coming an ordinary person knows, but the moon – (as its time
cycle varies) he does not know.” This aspect of change present in the moon
counters the regularity we experience in everyday life. It causes a person
to reflect on who placed the moon in the sky, who made the moon come and
go in a cycle of change from night to night. The differing appearance of
the moon gives us a glimpse of G-d by presenting us with a visible
manifestation of His presence. Because, monthly, the change starts anew,
we take the opportunity to recognize His presence, we bless Him
accordingly and thereby greet G-d Himself.
The miracle of Chanukah encapsulates this duality of our recognition of
G-d’s presence. In truth, the very fact that oil burns is miraculous in it
of itself. We could easily say to ourselves that just as G-d said one
day’s worth of oil should burn for one day, He could say that it should
burn for 8 days.
The “miracle,” at its core, is essentially the same. However, the Alter
says, familiarity and habit blind us. Those happenings, however
miraculous, that occur on a daily basis, lose their emotional impact. We,
over time, fail to recognize that nature is only nature because Hashem
made it nature. The occurrence of the out of the ordinary event is what
causes us to stand up and take notice. It has the effect of not only
causing us to appreciate G-d’s hand in the outright miracle, but also
enables us to appreciate the miraculous nature of nature. Seeing oil burn
for seven days longer than it should not only brought about an
appreciation for this apparent miracle, but for Hashem’s hand in everyday
life as well.
The Bais Yosef asked a well known and oft-repeated question: If there was
enough oil to last one day, why then do we celebrate Chanukah for 8 days –
the first day was not a miracle! The Alter from Kelm says the answer, we
now know, is readily apparent. Through the miracle that occurred for seven
days, everyone was vividly reminded that it was Hashem who miraculously
allowed oil to burn in the first place. Just as by the cycle of the moon
we make a blessing upon encountering this realization, we do similarly by
On the first night of Chanukah, we acknowledge the miracles of Hashem
inherent in nature. On the remaining nights, we acknowledge the
supernatural miracles of Hashem. Chanukah is a holiday on which we have
the opportunity to thank Hashem for all manifestations of His presence of
Text Copyright © 2005 by Rabbi Yehudah Prero and Torah.org.
The author has Rabbinic ordination from Mesivta Tifereth Jerusalem, NY.