There is an underlying theme to the message of the Metzora. This spiritual
disease that causes discoloration of the skin or of hairs upon the skin, in
unpredictable patches is caused by sins of speech gossip, slander and the
like. When a person notices the discoloration, he is to immediately
approach a kohen and show him the abnormality. It is up to the kohen to not
only to determine the status of the affliction, but to actually invoke the
status of impurity on the man through his rendition of his adjudication on
The physical affliction of tzora’as is definitely not a contagious one. In
fact, the Torah teaches us that there are times that the kohen can hold off
on his declaration; e.g. a groom during the week of wedding festivities is
spared the humiliation of isolation. If tzora’as were a communicable
disease it would surely warrant immediate isolation despite the
circumstances. Yet when a man is declared as tamei (impure) he is kept in
isolation. The Torah explicitly explains: “All the days that the affliction
is upon him he shall remain contaminated; he is contaminated. He shall dwell
in isolation; his dwelling shall be outside the camp” (Leviticus 13:46).
The question is simple. If the sins of anti-social behavior cause the
malady, why is the man isolated? Would it not be better if he is
embarrassed within the community and learns to better himself through
communal interaction? How will solitude help him cure his societal ills?
There is a classic tale of the gentleman who purchased a plane ticket from
New York to Los Angeles. The man was quite finicky about traveling, and
asked the agent for a window seat. Somehow, he was not placed by the
window, rather in the aisle.
During the entire trip, he fidgeted and squirmed. Immediately after the
long journey the man went straight to complain.
“I specifically asked for a window seat,” he exclaimed. “Your agent in New
York assured me that I would be getting a window seat. Look at this stub.
It placed me right in the aisle!”
The customer relations agent in Los Angeles was not fazed. Unfazed she
asked the man, “Did you ask the person in the window seat to trade places?”
This time the man was irate. “I was not able to!”
“And why not?”
“There was no one in the seat.”
My grandfather, Rabbi Yaakov Kamenetzky, of blessed memory, in his classic
work Emes L’Yaakov explains. People often blame the ramifications of their
doings on everyone else but themselves. Truth be told, a person who is
afflicted can circumvent confinement by not reporting the negah to the
Kohen, or even by pulling out the hairs that are discolored. It is akin to
a man who is sentenced to house imprisonment. His hands are tied together
with the rope attached to his teeth. He is told to watch himself and not
In essence, a negah is merely a Divine wake-up-call. It is heaven’s way of
letting an individual know that there is something wrong. It is a personal
message and must be taken personally. And so in solitude the man sits and
ponders what exactly needs correction.
If a person wants to correct himself, he need not cavort with others to do
so. If one can remove the barriers of false flattery and social mendacity,
he can do a lot better for himself: because self-improvement is dependent
upon self-motivation. Without the truth meeting the self, any attempt
toward self-improvement may lead to nothing more than self-destruction.
Dedicated in memory of Judah Leib (Jerry) Lipschitz by Mr. and Mrs. Ben
Copyright © 2002 by Rabbi M. Kamenetzky and Project Genesis, Inc.
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The author is the Associate Dean of the
Yeshiva of South Shore.
Drasha is the e-mail edition of FaxHomily, a weekly torah facsimile on the weekly portion which is sponsored by The Henry and Myrtle Hirsch Foundation