In the psukim leading up to their encounter with Pharoh, the Torah uses
two nearly identical expressions to describe Moshe Rabbeinu and Aharon
HaCohein. First (Shmos 6:26) we are told: “Hu Aharon U'Moshe asher amar
Hashem lohem Hotzieu …” introducing Aharon and Moshe as the ones who were
commanded by Hashem to take the Jews out of Egypt. In the very next pasuk,
(Shmos 6:27) we are told: “Heim hamedabrim el Pharoh, … Hu Moshe
V'Aharon,” informing us that Moshe and Aharon were [also] the ones who
[put their lives at risk and] spoke before Pharoh.
Rashi notes that in the first pasuk, Aharon is listed before Moshe. The
order was reversed, however, in the following pasuk, where Moshe’s name
was mentioned first. Rashi comments that Moshe and Aharon – the two
brothers who were the leaders of Klal Yisroel – are listed together
interchangeably to tell us that they were equal in stature: “shkulin
The Lubliner Rov, Rav Meir Shapiro z’tl, adds to the explanation of Rashi
and offers a thoughtful insight into these pesukim. The first pasuk calls
attention to the leadership skills of the brothers. The pasuk says that
Aharon and Moshe were told by Hashem to free the Bnei Yisroel from
Mitzrayim. We might have expected Moshe's name to be listed first. After
all, he was selected by Hashem to lead the B’nei Yisroel out of Egypt. But
the Torah places Aharon’s name first to tell us that they were equal even
in leadership, where one seemingly had an advantage over the other.
The same theme continues with the second pasuk. As we all know, Aharon was
the better orator of the two brothers. Much time is spent in the Torah's
telling us how Moshe sought to excuse himself from his mission on account
of his speech impediment – his being a "kvad peh." Hashem, in last week's
parsha, agreed with Moshe and told him that Aharon will become his
spokesman. But to prove the equality of the brothers, the Torah places
Moshe first, before Aharon, when we are told that they went to speak to
Pharoh. One might have expected Aharon to be listed first, on account of
his better oratory skill. No! Moshe is listed first. Shkulin k'echad!
This beautiful thought of the Lubliner Rov, however, does not address a
fundamental difficulty. Even if they were equal in stature and overall
accomplishments, Aharon was still a better speaker, and Moshe a more
powerful leader. How could our Toras Emes, where every word is so
carefully measured, list each of the brothers as being stronger in the
areas where they seemed to be secondary?
I would like to suggest that the Torah is teaching us an eternal lesson.
Moshe and Aharon, in this instance, were commended for their efforts as
well as their accomplishments. Moshe did not allow the fact that he was a
kvad peh to hinder his ability to speak before Pharoah. Aharon accompanied
Moshe when they stood down the most powerful man in the world. Each of
them had natural gifts, and was rewarded for utilizing them in the service
of Hashem. But they were noted most of all – and listed before their
brother – for their effort in all areas.
We can derive a profound and powerful lesson from these pesukim that will
serve us well during our school years and beyond. Striving for academic
excellence and scoring well on tests are integral and important components
of our school experience. Our greatest accomplishments, however, are often
measured by the effort we expend to overcome our areas of weakness – as we
strive to realize our fullest potential.
Rabbi Horowitz is the founder and dean of Yeshiva Darchei Noam in Monsey, NY, as well as the founder and Program Director of Agudath Israel's Project Y.E.S. (Youth Enrichment Services), which helps at-risk teens and their parents. He is a popular lecturer on teaching and parenting topics in communities around the world, and is the author of several best-selling parenting tape and CD sets. For more information on Rabbi Horowitz's parenting tapes, visit http://www.rabbihorowitz.com/ or call 845-352-7100 X 133.