by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
Guest Contributer: Rabbi Aaron Tendler
After Moshe is welcomed by the Elders of Israel and rebuffed by Pharaoh,
G-d instructs him to bring the message of imminent salvation to the
Children of Israel. How did the children of Israel respond to Moshe's
"And they did not listen to Moshe because of shortness of breath (Kotzer
and harsh labor (Avoda Kasha)."
This response, or lack of response, is puzzling. If the Children of Israel
found themselves in difficult straits, shouldn't the message of salvation
have been all the more appealing? Why did the Children of Israel not listen
Rav Samson Raphael Hirsch translates Kotzer Ruach as "impatience," rather
than "shortness of breath" [as Artscroll translates it, following Rashi's
commentary]. In other words, it was not the physical panting caused by the
harsh labor that prevented them from hearing Moshe's message. They did not
listen to Moshe's message because of an emotional inability to achieve a
broader perspective of their situation and comprehend that they had a hope,
a future, and a destiny as a nation.
The Ohr Hachaim HaKadosh, sheds light onto this verse with an
uncharacteristically succinct one liner: "Perhaps because they were not
Bnei Torah [people who were involoved in Torah study], they were unable to
hear his [Moshe's] message, because the Torah broadens a person's heart!"
If they would have had the opportunity to study Torah, they would not have
been overwhelmed by their suffering and would have welcomed Moshe's
message. Because they did not study Torah, their suffering inflicted on
them a Kotzer Ruach, a narrowness of spirit, and they were unable to think
beyond day to day survival.
We find this concept echoed in the very first Psalm in Tehillim. King David
says, "Happy is the person who does not go in the way of the sinners...
Rather his whole desire is to study the Torah of G-d... And he will be like
a tree planted on a fork in the river... Not so the wicked who are as chaff
that is battered in the wind."
What is the analogy between a person who studies Torah and "a tree planted
on a fork in the river"? The river flows toward the tree, yet the tree
remains secure, steady, and upright as the water passes around it. Chaff in
the wind, on the other hand, is beaten and battered and scattered in all
different directions by the forces (the wind) that it encounters.
Similarly, Torah study enables a person to retain perspective on all
situations in life. It enables a person to remain open minded, and realize
that there is a reason for all that happens, and ultimately all is for the
best. If a person does not have the lifeline of Torah to provide support,
the person is "as chaff in the wind", and easily despairs of any hope.
One of the more meaningful secular songs of the 70's contains the refrain:
"Dust in the wind... All we are is dust in the wind." King David is telling
us that we can be more. By designating a set time each day for Torah study,
thus qualifying as Bnei Torah - Children of the Torah, we can elevate
ourselves from "Dust in the Wind" to firmly rooted "trees planted on a fork
in the river". Whether we are faced with personal, financial, or
geopolitical hardships, if we wish to hear the message of hope and
redemption, we must connect to the Lifeline of Torah.