by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
"Then Yehudah approached him..." [44:18]
The Alshich asks, why is Yehudah arguing with Yosef all of a sudden, at the
beginning of our parsha? Just moments earlier, Yehudah had said, "we will
be servants to my master, all of us, including he in whose hand the goblet
was found." [44:16] To which Pharoah's viceroy, Yosef, responded: "the man
in whose hand the goblet was found, he will be my servant, and you will go
up in peace to your father."
It should be obvious that Yehudah has nothing to say. He offered to have
all the brothers become slaves, to which Yosef responded that he only
wanted the guilty party! How can Yehudah suddenly jump up now, and oppose
The Alshich answers that we have this question because we look at matters
only in physical terms. Yehudah, however, lived his life on a more
spiritual plane. The brothers had come to the realization that they had
wronged Yosef, and that they deserved a punishment. They had examined their
actions, and concluded that the bizarre treatment that they were receiving
from the viceroy could only be for this reason. "Then they said to one
another, 'it is because we are guilty for our brother, because we saw his
heartfelt pain when he begged us, and we did not listen -- this is why this
pain has come upon us.'" [42:21] And thus they were prepared to accept
their punishment for the sale of Yosef, and become slaves.
This is why Yehudah said, "what can we say, and how can we justify
ourselves -- G-d has found the sin of your servants." [44:16] He was not
talking about the stolen goblet, because he knew that they were "framed,"
and of course G-d had found no such crime. It was because of their brother,
whom they sold.
If Benyamin were included when they were all made slaves to Pharoad, they
understood that it might be punishment for something else, or afford him
some benefit. All of this, however, would not explain Benyamin -- the one
brother who was in no way involved with the sale of Yosef -- going into
slavery, alone. That made no sense. Yehudah immediately realized that this
was not a punishment for the sale of Yosef, after all. It was just a
run-of-the-mill false accusation! And this is why he reversed himself and
argued with Yosef in strong language.
Yehudah realized that no one can have any power against us unless G-d makes
it so. And therefore he knew to look for the spiritual roots of problems
first, and face the _real_ problem, not the "cover" which faced him
Dedicated in memory of Tzipa Rochel bas Chaikel and Chaya