Note: The Shabbos Torah Reading is divided into 7 sections. Each section
is called an Aliya [literally: Go up] since for each Aliya, one person
"goes up" to make a bracha [blessing] on the Torah Reading.
The year is 2448 and Moshe had unsuccessfully confronted Pharaoh.
The situation had gotten worse, not better, and Hashem (G-d) reassured Moshe that in
fact the redemption was about to begin. The 4 statements of redemption are
stated for which we have the 4 cups of wine at the Passover Seder.
2nd & 3rd Aliyot:
Moshe's Yichus (lineage) is established. He is 80 years old and Aharon
Moshe performed the miracle of the "staff turning to a serpent" and
performed the first and second plagues.
Moshe performed the third plague and forewarned Pharaoh about the
The fourth, fifth, and sixth plagues were performed, and Moshe
forewarned Pharaoh regarding the seventh.
The seventh plague was performed and Pharaoh "hardens his heart"
and refused to let the Jews go.