Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Jaffa

Yonah - Chapter 1:3

When Yonah descended to Jaffa to find a ship to Tarshish, he provided much grist to later commentators. This is because Jaffa was a secondary port and because it appears to have been much farther from where Yonah lived and presumably received his prophecy. The Jerusalem Talmud in Sukkah 5:1 reports that Yonah was the son of the Tsorfite woman who during the famine in the reign of Achab had given shelter to Eliahu. If so, he stemmed from the tribe of Asher, or, according to another opinion there, his father was from Zebulun while his mother was from near Sidon, from the territory of Asher. The natural port of reference for that area would be Akko, or perhaps, Tyre. The choice is especially surprising in light of the close associations of seafaring with Tarshish and the port of Tyre.

Isaiah 23, 1 (see also 10 and 14) The burden of Tyre. Howl ye, ships of Tarshish for it is laid waste… Kings I, 22 - For the king had at sea a navy of Trashish with the navy of Hiram (king of Tyre)… Ezekiel 27 …take up lamentation for Tyre…Tarshish was thy me The Talmud offers the following solution: "Rabbi Yonah said: Yonah son of Amitai was at piligrimage to Jerusalem and he entered the rejoicing of water drawing (simchas beit hashoeva) and the Holy Spirit rested upon him." From Jerusalem, the closest port is Jaffa. This explanation certainly throws light on Yonah's repeated reference to "your holy temple" in his prayer from the belly of the fish.

I said, I have been driven away out of Your sight, Nevertheless I shall gaze again upon Your Holy Temple …and My prayer came before You, Into Yo However, if Yonah had come from the north, the choice of Jaffa is deeply significant for it underlines the desperation and finality of his flight. This is simply because setting forth to Tyre would take him northwest and in some measure in the direction toward Nineveh that lies to northeast. Yonah fled in the opposite direction, to the southwest precisely to head in as radically opposite direction as possible. He who runs away from G-d rarely suffices to merely move to the side; part of the psychology of escape is to go all the way, as far and in as contrary direction as possible. A true rebel does not suffice with discarding a few observances or with moving to another denomination; he jettisons all and everything and often, like Yonah, must "hit the bottom of the sea (2:7)", before coming back again.

Finally, it is certainly significant that the three cities - Jaffa, Nineveh and Tarshish define the dramatic space in which the story of Yonah unfolds. It is not for nothing that the acrostic of the first letters of their names consonantally spells Yonah. Y is for Jaffa, N is for Nineveh, and T, allowing for H to T interchange (see Ibn Ezra to Exodus 1, 16), is, of course, for Tarshish. It is one of many allusions in this remarkably deep and profound book. IN this vein, Yonah's name in itself is in allusion to Noah's dove (yonah in Hebrew) and his mission "upon the faces of the waters". Like it, Yonah goes out twice, and only succeeds on second try.

Next week, we will, please G-d, discuss the city of Tarshish and its meaning within the overall structure of the story.


Text Copyright © 2004 by Rabbi Dr. Meir Levin and Torah.org.


 
Sell Chometz Online







ARTICLES ON KEDOSHIM AND THE OMER:

View Complete List

Children of the King
Shlomo Katz - 5762

Holy Reality Check
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

Identical but Different
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

It Is Easier To Overcome Physical Pain Than To Suppress The Human Psyche
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Reacting to Tragedy
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

Honorable Mentshen
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5762

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

State of the Union
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Sweet Revenge
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5761

Kiddush Moments
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5772

ArtScroll

Aaron's Unlimited Access
Shlomo Katz - 5758

Holy Nation
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

The Value of Reverence
Rabbi Yosef Kalatzky - 5764

> The Decline
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

A Good Place to Begin
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Love Your Neighbor: Who Needs Friends?
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

The Joys of Animal Noise
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information