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Posted on March 11, 2021 (5781) By Rabbi Yissocher Frand | Series: | Level:

These divrei Torah were adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi Yissocher Frand’s Commuter Chavrusah Tapes on the weekly portion: #1154 Does The Husband’s Early Kabolas Shabbos Affect His Wife? Good Shabbos!

Why Didn’t the Mishkan Have a Spare Parts Warehouse?

The Torah says that after Moshe told the people to donate to the Mishkan, the voluntary donations surpassed the amount of material required. Moshe Rabbeinu had to tell them to stop bringing material, and they were left with more material than needed. (See Shemos 36:4-7).

The Sforno comments: Hashem stated the exact amount of materials needed to build the Mishkan. X amount of gold, Y amount of silver, Z amount of copper, and so forth. He gave a precise measure for every item in the Mishkan, specifying no more and no less than the exact amount required for the structure and the keilim (vessels) of the Mishkan. The Sforno points out that this was not the case with either Shlomo’s construction of the First Beis HaMikdash or Herod’s (re-)construction of the Second Beis HaMikdash. In both those cases, they initially sought out and collected more than enough funds and raw materials, however, in the Mishkan, it was the exact amount necessary that was sought – no more and no less.

The Talmud Yerushalmi says that they had duplicates and triplicates of all the keilim in the Beis HaMikdash. This was not unreasonable. Keilim break, wear out, and become impure (Tameh). Any serious enterprise must maintain an inventory of spare parts. Take, for example, a caterer. He does not keep only X numbers of sets of china for the maximum number of servings he expects to prepare. He always must be prepared for breakage, loss, or theft. The Beis HaMikdash also needed to have “back up” to be prepared for foreseen or unforeseen occurrences.

The question must be asked – did the same problem not exist in the Mishkan? Was there no breakage in the Mishkan? Why not maintain an inventory of “backup parts” for the structure and the keilim of the Mishkan? Why didn’t they make extra?

Listen to the following very interesting Daas Zekeinim m’Baalei HaTosfos (in Parshas Teruma): The Aron HaKodesh, in which they kept the Luchos HaBris (Tablets of Stone containing the Ten Commandments), was gold on the outside but wood on the inside. The Daas Zekeinim says it would have been fitting for the Aron to be made completely from gold. However, since it needed to be made portable and be transported by the Leviim on their shoulders, the Aron was made to weigh less. Pure gold would make it much heavier to carry. And even though, the Daas Zekeinim writes, Chazal say that “the Aron lifted up those who were supposedly carrying it”, that was not always the case. In other words, there was a period of time when it was that way, but it was not like that forever. The same, he writes, regarding the Golden Mizbaeach (on which the incense was burnt). It was made of lighter Shitim wood and only overlaid with gold on the outside, to make it lighter to carry.

So, the reason they did not have spares – duplicates and triplicates in the Mishkan – was because “someone has to schlep all this.” The Jews moved from place to place during the forty years of wandering in the wilderness. When someone needs to schlep, you make it as light as possible.

Herein lays a very important principle in Yiddishkeit, which says, in effect, “Do not be a Tzadik on someone else’s back!” In other words, if someone needs to carry this – we are going to make it as light as possible. It is like packing. I do not know how it is in most houses, but my assumption is that men travel lighter than women. But who schleps the suitcases?

This is akin to the famous incident they say about Rav Yisrael Salanter (1809-1883). He came to someone’s house for a Shabbos meal. He had to wash for Netilas Yadayim. Based on the Gemarah (Chullin 106), the halacha (Orach Chaim 161:4) is that ideally (l’chatchilah) a person should wash Netilas Yadayim up until the wrists. In special circumstances (b’dieved), a person fulfills his obligation for washing his hands by only washing until the knuckles. Rav Yisrael did not wash his entire hands. He relied on the opinion that he only needed to wash to the point where his fingers bend.

The observers asked him why he was being so lenient with his handwashing. After all, they told him, the Shulchan Aruch ideally requires that water comes up to where the hand meets the arm. Those were the days before running water. The answer was that there was a well down the hill and Rav Yisrael knew someone had to schlep the water up from the well to the kitchen. He saw that the hired help was a poor girl who would be the one schlepping the water, and he was not going to be a “Tzadik” at her expense! Better, too, to make the Aron HaKodesh out of wood rather than gold, because someone needs to schlep it.

There is another famous story with Rav Yisrael. When he was older, he no longer went to bake his own matzah before Pesach, but rather he asked his students to bake his matzas mitzvah for him. The students asked their teacher, “What are the ‘Chumras‘ (stringencies) the Rebbe practices during the time he bakes matzah?” All sorts of different stringencies are practiced by righteous individuals while baking their Seder Matzahs. They asked Rav Yisrael Salanter which Chumrah he was particular about. He told them “Be careful not to yell at the woman who cleans up between every batch of matzah baking. She is a widow. Please do not yell at her. That is my ‘chumrah‘!”

This is why there were no duplicates or triplicates in the Mishkan.

Even When We Are Camped, We Are Travelling

I heard the following beautiful homiletic observation on the last pasuk in Sefer Shemos from Rav Isaac Bernstein, z”l: “For the Cloud of Hashem would be on the Mishkan by day, and fire would be on it at night, before the eyes of all of the House of Israel throughout their journeys.” (Shemos 40:38). The Cloud was upon the Mishkan in all of their travels. Rashi explains that whenever they would camp, the Cloud would cover the Mishkan. However, he asks, the pasuk is imprecise. It says that the Cloud was on the Mishkan when they travelled. However, in actuality, it was not on the Mishkan when they travelled – only when they camped! It should say “The Cloud was on the Mishkan in all their encampments!” Rashi answers that when they camped—that was also part of their travels. Even when they were stationary, it was considered “mas’eyhem” (their travels).

This is a thought, Rav Bernstein says, that we all need to remember: Even when we are encamped, we are still travelling. Jewish history is replete with a mindset (we are as guilty of this as anybody else) which assumes that wherever we happen to be residing, “this is our place.”

Jews were in Poland for one thousand years. They used to quip in Yiddish that Poland was a transliteration of the Yiddish expression ‘Po Lin‘ (Here we will sleep). In other words, this is where we are and this is where we will stay. When people are in the same location for a thousand years, they can easily assume that “this is it”, “this is our home.” The Jews were in Spain for hundreds of years. Unfortunately, Jewish history is a testimony to the fact that no matter how comfortable we may get, we are not home yet!

America is no exception. This is a Malchus shel Chessed. It is the most hospitable place that the Jews have settled in their long history. One can easily make the mistake that “we have come to the resting place and to the inheritance.” (Devorim 12:9).

This Rashi is implicitly teaching that this assumption is not to be relied upon. The places of their encampments are part of their travels. Even where we find ourselves encamped, it is still just part of our long journey forward. We are on this long journey until we finally see the rebuilding of Zion and the comfort of Yerushalayim with the coming of Moshiach, may it be speedily, in our time.

Transcribed by David Twersky; Jerusalem [email protected]

Technical Assistance by Dovid Hoffman; Baltimore, MD [email protected]

This week’s write-up is adapted from the hashkafa portion of Rabbi Yissochar Frand’s Commuter Chavrusah Series on the weekly Torah portion. A listing of the halachic portions for Parshas Vayakeil/Pikudei is provided below:

  • # 047 Pikuach Nefesh: To Save a Life
  • # 090 The Melacha of Carrying
  • # 138 The Melacha of Tying Knots on Shabbos
  • # 185 The Melacha of Writing
  • # 231 Making a Siyum
  • # 275 Electricity in Halacha
  • # 321 Leap Year and the Second Adar
  • # 365 The Melacha of Tearing
  • # 409 The Melacha of Melabain (Laundering)
  • # 453 Wearing A Watch on Shabbos
  • # 497 The Tefillah of B’rich Sh’mei
  • # 541 Learning Kabbalah
  • # 585 The Melacha of Trapping
  • # 629 Sitting in Judgement on Shabbos
  • # 672 The Mishebeirach in Halacha
  • # 673 Putting A Sefer Torah in the Aron
  • # 717 One Hundred Brachos A Day
  • # 761 Killing Two Birds with One Stone
  • # 805 Baruch Sh’omar, Ashrei and Yishtabach
  • # 849 Saying L’shem Yichud – A Good Idea?
  • # 893 The Unique Parshas Sh’kolim
  • # 937 Magnetic Forces
  • # 980 Siyum M’sechta: For The Past Or For The Future?
  • #1024 Turning That Old Dress Into A Cover for a Sefer Torah?
  • #1068 “This (Aron Kodesh/Ner Tamid/Window) Is Donated By”…A Good Idea
  • #1111 Paying the Baal Koreh/Chazan/Babysitter for Shabbos
  • #1154 Does The Husband’s Early Kabolas Shabbos Affect His Wife?
  • #1197 Hachana Issues: Loading Dishwasher on Shabbos; Defrosting For Yom.Tov Sheni
  • #1241 The Case of the Mishloach Manos That Was Delivered to the Wrong Person
  • #1285 “It’s A Siman Min HaShamayim”: Is There Such A Thing?
  • #1328 A Fascinating Muktzeh/Tevilas Keilim Shaila
  • #1329 Finishing a sefer of Tanach: Does It Warrant a Seudas Siyum? And Other Siyum Issues
  • #1416 Does the Prohibition of Not Taking Medicine on Shabbos Still Apply in Our Day and Age?
  • #1461 What Do the Urim ve’Tumim and Scrabble Have to Do With Each Other?

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