Hamaayan / The Torah Spring
Edited by Shlomo Katz
Tzav: Thanks for What?
Volume XVI, No. 24
10 Nissan 5762
March 23, 2002
Orach Chaim 613:4-6
Daf Yomi (Bavli): Bava Batra 3
Daf Yomi (Yerushalmi): Terumot 58
Chazal say: "The Korban Todah / the thanksgiving offering
[discussed in this week's parashah] will never cease to be
brought." Asks R' Aryeh Levin z"l (died 1969): Why is that a
happy tiding? After all, the Korban Todah is brought by one who
has been saved from danger. If the Korban Todah will never cease
to brought, that means that people will never cease to find
themselves in danger!
He explains: When Moshe asked Hashem (Shmot 5:22-23), "Why have
You made things worse for this nation?" Hashem answered: "You
will see!" You will see, Hashem told him, that from every
tragedy comes something good; from exile and persecution come
redemption. Every episode of suffering inspires a Korban Todah,
because hidden within the suffering is goodness.
The midrash says that when Yosef died, Bnei Yisrael wanted to
assimilate among the Egyptians. Hashem therefore made the
Egyptians hate the Jews, thus causing the Jews to reunite and to
support each other. Thus good -- the continued existence of the
Jewish people -- came from bad -- the Egyptians' hatred.
R' Levin adds: Chazal say that Eretz Yisrael is acquired
through suffering. However, the Torah (Devarim 8:5) tells us
that it is the type of "suffering" which a loving parent imposes
on a child for the child's own well-being. Although we cannot
fathom how good can come out of our suffering, we will one day
see the hidden good and will then bring a Korban Todah. (Quoted
in Ish Tzaddik Hayah p.303)
"If he shall offer it as a todah/thanksgiving-offering, he
shall offer with the todah unleavened loaves . . . With
loaves of leavened bread shall he bring his offering."
The above verses teach that a todah/thanksgiving-offering must
be accompanied by loaves of both chametz and matzah. R' Don
Yitzchak Abarbanel z"l (15th century) asks: Since the Korban
Pesach seems to be, in essence, an offering brought in
thanksgiving for the Exodus, why is it not accompanied by both
chametz and matzah?
R' Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer z"l (the "Ketav Sofer"; 1815-
1871) answers that the Korban Pesach is not a todah-offering.
Rather, it is more like another set of sacrifices described in
our parashah - the inaugural sacrifices brought at the dedication
of the mishkan. Those sacrifices were accompanied by matzah, but
not by chametz.
R' Sofer explains further: Chazal instructed that when we
relate the story of the Exodus at the Seder, we should begin with
disgrace, with the fact that our ancestors were idolators, and
conclude with praise. Why? This may be understood through a
When one gives a garment to a laundry in order to have a stain
removed, the laundry applies soaps and chemicals which first make
the garment dirtier than it was before. Of course, when the
customer pays the laundry, he does not intend to pay for the
labor that was expended in dirtying the garment; he intends to
pay for the cleaning of the garment.
Similarly, we do not praise Hashem at the Seder for redeeming
us from Egypt. Who asked Him to take us to Egypt in the first
place? Rather, we praise Hashem because He cleansed the stain of
idolatry from our souls. Just as the laundry cleanses the
garment with vile chemicals, the process by which Hashem cleansed
us was our enslavement in Egypt. It follows, then, that we do
not owe Hashem a debt of gratitude for the Exodus, and the Korban
Pesach is not a todah offering. Rather, the Korban Pesach is a
sacrifice brought upon our inauguration into Hashem's service.
(Haggadah Shel Pesach Ketav Sofer p.18a)
"This is the law of the olah / elevation-offering -- it is
the olah on the flame . . ." (6:2)
The word that the Torah uses for "it" spelled "hu" (which means
"he") but pronounced "he" (which means "she"). R' Chaim Yosef
David Azulai z"l ("Chida"; Eretz Yisrael and Italy; 1724-1806)
writes about this as follows:
Any leader, whether the leader of the generation or the head of
a household, must be capable of imposing his will on his
followers (or household members). This may require haughtiness.
However, any such haughtiness must be an act. In his heart, a
leader must feel subdued. Also, he must be sure that he his
acting only for the honor of the Torah, and not for his own
"This is the law of the olah / elevation offering" - i.e., this
is the law for those occasions when you act in an elevated
(haughty) manner. Remember: "She, the Torah, is the olah - the
thing which is elevated." However, if "he," the person himself,
considers himself elevated, then, says the verse: "on the flame."
If one's "elevation" (haughtiness) is for his own honor, he is
worthy of being consumed by fire.
(Quoted in Torat Ha'Chida)
"This is the law of the chatat / sin-offering; in the place
where the olah is slaughtered shall the chatat be
slaughtered . . ." (6:18)
"In the place where they shall slaughter the olah they shall
slaughter the asham / guilt-offering . . ." (7:2)
Why? R' Eliezer Zusia Portugal z"l (1897-1982; the "Skulener
Rebbe") explains as follows: The first offering discussed in the
book of Vayikra is the olah. Unlike the chatat and asham, which
are mandatory offerings for people who have committed certain
sins, the olah is a voluntary offering. As such, the olah is
more beloved by G-d. Moreover, the spot in the Bet Hamikdash
where the olah is slaughtered is a particularly holy place, for
it "reminds" G-d of the voluntary offerings that were brought
there. By slaughtering the mandatory chatat and asham at that
same spot, we obtain favor from Hashem and increase the
likelihood that our sacrifices will be accepted.
R' Portugal quotes R' Chanoch Henach of Alesk z"l (1800-1884),
who makes a similar point regarding the place where one stands
for prayer. The gemara (Berachot 6b) states: "If one has a fixed
place for prayer, the G-d of Avraham will come to his aid." Says
the Rebbe of Alesk: A place where one has prayed a few times
attains a level of holiness. By praying there on a regular
basis, one joins the holiness of the earlier prayers to the later
prayers and makes the later prayers more acceptable to Hashem.
From the Haftarah . . .
"Then the minchah / meal offering of Yehudah and
Yerushalayim will be pleasing to Hashem, as in days of old
and in former years." (Malachi 3:4)
R' Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook z"l (1865-1935; Ashkenazic
Chief Rabbi of Eretz Yirael) writes: Why does G-d despise human
sacrifice? Animals lack intelligence, and they have no way to be
elevated to a higher purpose other than by being sacrificed to G-
d. Not so humans, who have intelligence, and who can use that
intelligence to elevate themselves. In particular, man can
elevate himself by reflecting on the purpose for which his animal
was offered to Hashem.
However, we are told of the future (Yishayah 11:9): "For the
earth will be filled with knowledge of Hashem as water covers the
sea." We also read (Yishayah 43:20), "The beasts of the field
will honor Me . . ." If so, it will no longer be appropriate in
the future to offer animal sacrifices. Accordingly, says our
verse (which speaks of the End of Days), "Then the minchah / meal
offering of Yehudah and Yerushalayim will be pleasing to Hashem,
as [other sacrifices were] in days of old and in former years."
(Quoted in Haggadah Shel Pesach Im Peirush Harav Kook)
Thirty days before Pesach . . .
In many homes, the Seder begins with the poem "Kadaish
U'rechatz." Numerous commentators have found homiletical meaning
in this poem, aside from its obvious purpose of reminding us how
to conduct the Seder. R' Yehoshua Segal Deutsch z"l (mid-20th
century rabbi of Yerushalayim's Katamon neighborhood) offers the
King David asks (Tehilim 24:3): "Who will climb Hashem's
mountain, and who can stand in His holy place?" This poem tells
us how one can stand before Hashem and not worry about falling:
"Kadaish u'rechatz" / "Sanctify yourself and be confident!"
("Rechatz" in Aramaic means "be confident.")
How does one accomplish this? "Karpas yachatz" / Man's
material nature (which, like karpas, comes form the earth) cannot
be reined in overnight. Indeed, according to one commentator,
Bnei Yisrael's defense for the sin of the Golden Calf was that
Matan Torah / the giving of the Torah had been too sudden for
them, and left them confused and disoriented. Rather, divide
("Yachatz") and conquer.
Another tactic is "Maggid rochtzah" / Tell others to cleanse
themselves. This will inspire you to do the same.
One might ask, however, "Who am I to rebuke others?" The
answer to this is "Motzi matzah" / Get rid of that humility, that
view of oneself as being lowly as matzah. As important as
humility is, there is no place for it when one sees others
violating the Torah. But do not become arrogant or haughty.
Rather, "Maror koraich" / - Wrap yourself in a cloak of
authority (= "marah") which you can use when rebuking others, but
can shed at other times.
In order to be an effective teacher, "Shulchan oraich" / Make
sure your Torah knowledge is like a set table before you so that
it will always be at your fingertips. Also, make sure that your
rebuke does not become a weapon of the Heavenly prosecutor. Make
sure that "Tzafun baraich" / Hidden ("Tzafun") within your heart
should be blessings for your fellow Jews. You should also
"Hallel" / Praise your brethren before Hashem.
If you do this, your deeds will be "Nirtzah" / Accepted by
(Haggadah Shel Pesach Kol Yeshuah)
Mr. and Mrs. Moshe Cohen
on the yahrzeit of his father
R' Chaim ben R' Zvi Hakohen a"h
Aaron and Rona Lerner
in memory of their fathers
Avraham ben Yaakov Hakohen a"h
and Yaakov Yonah ben Yisrael a"h
Copyright © 2002 by Shlomo Katz
and Project Genesis, Inc.
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