In the previous articles we discussed various types of workers to whom baal tolin applies. We focused on salaried employees and service providers, and craftsman. This week, we continue our discussion of craftsmen.
1. If the customer brings his item to a craftsman to be repaired, there is bal tolin. However, whilst the craftsman holds the article there no bal tolin, because he cannot expect payment as long as he holds on to the item. Moreover, even if the craftsman tells the customer that the item is ready, there is still no bal tolin until he returns it. If the craftsman delivers the item, and the customer needs the money he has for something else, then he may refuse to accept the delivery. Since the item remains in the possession of the craftsman, bal tolin does not apply.
Once the craftsman returns the item, he must be paid before sundown. For example, a jeweler informed the customer that his jewelry was ready – the customer came to pick up the jewelry and said he would return soon to pay. He forgot to return until after sundown. In such a case, he violated bal tolin.
1. Much of the information for this essay is taken from “Halachos of Other People’s Money” by Rabbi Yisroel Pinchos Bodner.
Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Yehonasan Gefen and Torah.org
Visit Rabbi Gefen’s new blog at rabbiygefen.blogspot.com.
Rabbi Gefen’s new book, The Guiding Light, is now available! To order, please contact Rabbi Gefen at [email protected] or 00972 52 761 9935.