This woman had Chato’os and the other woman had an equal number of Olos. Both women gave the birds to a Kohain. If he brought all the birds at the upper part of the Mizbayach as Olos half are kosher and half are possul. If he brought all at the lower part of the Mizbayach as Chato’os half are kosher and half are possul.
If he brought half at the upper part of the Mizbayach and half at the lower part, both groups are possul. For I can say the Chato’os were brought at the upper part of the Mizbayach and the Olos at the lower part.
Example of the Case of the Mishna
Rochel and Leah have an equal number of birds. But all of Rochel’s birds are for Chato’os and all of Leah’s are for Olos. This situation might arise if, for example, Rochel could afford lambs for her obligation of Olos. A yoledes always brings birds for her Chato’os, regardless of her wealth. Leah might have undertaken a nedova of Olos (unrelated to childbirth). The birds became mingled, and, therefore, none should be brought (first Perek, second Mishna). But the Kohain mistakenly brought all of them.
In the case where the Kohain brought all as Chato’os, Rochel satisfies her obligation, and Leah must bring replacement Olos. If they were all brought as Olos, Leah has satisfied her obligation, and Rochel must bring replacement Chato’os. These are definite obligations, not sfaykos.
If the Kohain mistakenly brought half as Chato’os and half as Olos, none of the korbonos is kosher because the Kohain might have brought Rochel’s designated Chato’os as Olos and Leah’s designated Olos as Chato’os. Leah must bring replacement Olos because of the sofaik. Rochel must bring only one replacement Chatos as discussed in the explanation of Mishna Alef and in the appendix.
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